Paragraph Development Practice Exercises 5

Updated on Sep 28, 2011

Paragraph Development Practice Exercises

The study guide for these practice exercises can be found at:

Paragraph Development Study Guide

Practice Set 1

Answer questions 1–3 on the basis of the following passage.

(1) As soon as she sat down on the airplane, Rachel almost began to regret telling the travel agent that she wanted an exotic and romantic vacation; after sifting through a stack of brochures, the agent and her decided the most exotic vacation she could afford was a week in Rio. (2) As the plane hurtled toward Rio de Janeiro, she read the information on Carnival that was in the pocket of the seat in front of hers. (3) The very definition made her shiver: "from the Latin carnavale, meaning a farewell to the flesh." (4) She was searching for excitement, but had no intention of bidding her skin good-bye. (5) "Carnival," the brochure informed her, originated in Europe in the Middle Ages and served as a break from the requirements of daily life and society. (6) Most of all, it allowed the hard-working and desperately poor serfs the opportunity to ridicule their wealthy and normally humorless masters." (7) Rachel, a middle manager in a computer firm, wasn't entirely sure whether she was a serf or a master. (8) Should she be making fun, or would others be mocking her? (9) She was strangely relieved when the plane landed, as though her fate were decided.
  1. Which of the following changes needs to be made to the above passage?
    1. Part 2: Insert the before Carnival.
    2. Part 3: Italicize carnavale.
    3. Part 6: Italicize serfs.
    4. Part 9: Change were to was.
  2. hich of the following numbered parts contains a nonstandard use of a pronoun?
    1. Part 1
    2. Part 5
    3. Part 7
    4. Part 8
  3. Which of the following changes needs to be made to Part 5 of the passage?
    1. Insert quotation marks before originated.
    2. Remove the comma after her.
    3. Remove the quotation marks around Carnival.
    4. Insert quotation marks around society.

Answer questions 4–6 on the basis of the following passage.

(1) A metaphor is a poetic device that deals with comparison. (2) It compares similar qualities of two dissimilar objects. (3) With a simple metaphor, one object becomes the other: Love is a rose. Although this doesn't sound like a particularly rich image, a metaphor can communicate so much about a particular image that poets utilize them more than any other type of figurative language. (4) The reason for this is that a poet composes poetry to express emotional experiences. (5) Succinctly what the poet imagines love to be may or may not be our perception of love. (6) Therefore, the poet's job is to enable us to experience and feel it the same way. (7) You should be able to nod in agreement and say, "Yes, that's it! (8) I understand precisely where this guy is coming from."
  1. The tone of this passage is very formal; the last sentence is not. Which of the following would be more consistent with the tone of the passage?
    1. This guy is right on.
    2. I can relate to the poet's experience.
    3. I know this feeling.
    4. This poem gets right to the point.
  2. Which of the following numbered parts contains a nonstandard use of a pronoun?
    1. Part 3
    2. Part 5
    3. Part 6
    4. Part 7
  3. Which of the following adverbs should replace the underline word in Part 5 of the passage?
    1. Consequently
    2. Normally
    3. Occasionally
    4. Originally

Answer questions 7–9 on the basis of the following passage.

(1) Light pollution a growing problem worldwide. (2) Like other forms of pollution, light pollution degrades the quality of the environment. (3) Where once it was possible to look up at the night sky and see thousands of twinkling stars in the inky blackness, one now sees little more than the yellow glare of urban sky glow. (4) When we lose the ability to connect visually with the vastness of the universe by looking up at the night sky, we lose our connection with something profoundly important to the human spirit—my sense of wonder.
  1. Which of the endings to the following sentence would be the best concluding sentence for this passage? The most serious damage resulting from light pollution is to our
    1. artistic appreciation.
    2. sense of physical well-being.
    3. spiritual selves.
    4. cultural advancement.
  2. Which of the following changes needs to be made to Part 4 of the passage?
    1. Change we to you.
    2. Change my to our.
    3. Change we to I.
    4. Change my to his.
  3. Which of the following numbered parts contains a nonstandard sentence?
    1. Part 1
    2. Part 2
    3. Part 3
    4. Part 4
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