Parts of Speech Help
Introduction to Parts of Speech
Use the following chart to reacquaint yourself with the parts of speech.
|Part of Speech||Function||Examples|
|Noun, pronoun||Names a person, place, or thing||Elliot, President Adams, cat, he, she, them|
|Verb||Provides the action or state of being||fly, stand, walk, count, is, are, be|
|Adjective||Modifies or describes a noun||tall, noisy, blue, hot|
|Adverb||Modifies or describes a verb, adjective, or other adverb||noisily, easily, hardly|
|Preposition||Introduces a relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words in a sentence||on, in, up, over, to|
|Conjunction||Joins words, phrases, and clauses||and, but, or, yet|
|Interjection||Expresses emotion||ah, oh, wow|
|Article||Identifies or points out a noun||a, an, the|
One way to understand English grammar is to think of words as having two names: a grammatical name, called a part of speech, and a function name that tells what it does in the sentence. Look at the following sentence:
The tennis ball hit the opponent on his head.
Why is it important to know and understand this concept? The simple answer is that correct English usage depends upon it. The following examples will explain this. First, think of the pronouns he and him. The pronoun he functions as the subject of a sentence. Him functions as an object. The different function categories of pronouns are explained later in this chapter.
He hit the opponent on the head. (He is the subject and hit is the verb.)
He hit him on the head. (He is the subject, hit is the verb, and him is the object who received the hit.)
As you can see in the following example, function is extremely important in choosing the correct pronoun.
Him hit he. (An object pronoun, him, cannot be used as a subject, and a subject pronoun, he, cannot be used as the object.)
You will have an opportunity to study the complete pronoun list and their functions later in the chapter. For now, you just need to remember that I, he, and she are subject pronouns and that me, her, and him are object pronouns.
Parts of Speech Practice and Answers
Write your correction for each sentence on the lines provided.
- Him and me share a job. _____
- Tim and him share a job. _____
- This pizza is for Betsy and I. _____
- The argument is between Marcus and I. _____
- Tim and me are happy about the new arrangement. _____
1. He and I… 2. Tim and he… 3. …for Betsy and me. 4. …between Marcus and me. 5. Tim and I…
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