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Reading Comprehension and Long Passages More Practice (page 2)

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Updated on Aug 10, 2011

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  1. d.   Choices b and c, meaning scattered and erratic respectively, are not supported in the passage. Choice a may be considered a synonym, but it is not the best choice. The best choice is d, requisite.
  2. b.   Paragraph of the passage clearly states that Benjamin Franklin first considered the concept of DST.
  3. b.   Paragraph states that the bill (which was introduced by Sir Robert Pearce in ) met with great opposition, mostly from farmers.
  4. d.   This choice is directly supported by paragraph.
  5. a.   Choices b and c are incorrect because they each refer to specific points raised in the passage, but not throughout the passage. Choice d is too broad to represent the best title. Only choice a describes the point of the entire passage.
  6. c.   Paragraph clearly states that during the oil embargo and energy crisis of the s, President Richard Nixon extended DST through the Daylight Saving Time Energy Act of to conserve energy further.
  7. b.   This is an inference question. The writer indicates that visitors to Hershey's Chocolate World are greeted by a giant Reeses Peanut Butter Cup, so it is logical to assume that these are manufactured by Hershey. Although the writer mentions the popularity of chocolate internationally, you cannot assume that it is popular in every country (choice a), nor is there any indication that Milton Hershey was the first person to manufacture chocolate in the United States (choice c). Choice d is not discussed in the passage at all.
  8. d.   This question tests your ability to use context clues to determine the intended meaning of a word. In paragraph , the passage says, The Hershey Chocolate company was born in as a subsidiary of the Lancaster Caramel Company. This indicates that a subsidiary is one controlled by another company, choice d. Although it may be true that Milton Hershey owned each company in its entirety (choice a), that is not clear from the material. There is also no indication that the chocolate company was created to support the caramel company (choice b). Finally, the passage contains no discussion of whether or not any of Hershey's companies were incorporated (choice c).
  9. a.   Choice a is the best choice because it is the most complete statement of the material. Choices c and d focus on small details of the passage; choice b is not discussed in the passage.
  10. b.   Paragraph states that Hershey sold the caramel company six years after the founding of the chocolate company. The chocolate company was founded in ; the correct choice is b.
  11. c.   The Chicago International Exposition was where Hershey saw a demonstration of German chocolate-making techniques, which indicates, along with the word international in its title, that the exposition contained displays from a variety of countries, choice c. None of the other choices can be inferred from the information in the passage.
  12. b.   There is nothing inherently dramatic, undignified, or rewarding discussed in paragraph. Modest is the word that best fits being born in a small village and having the unremarkable early life described; it is also a word that provides a contrast to the mention of Milton's later popularity.
  13. d.   The second sentence of paragraph states that probes record responses. Paragraph says that electrodes accumulate much data.
  14. c.   The tone throughout the passage suggests the potential for microprobes. They can be permanently implanted, they have advantages over electrodes, they are promising candidates for neural prostheses, they will have great accuracy, and they are flexible.
  15. d.   According to the third paragraph, people who lack biochemicals could receive doses via prostheses. However, there is no suggestion that removing biochemicals would be viable.
  16. a.   The first sentence of the third paragraph says that microprobes have channels that open the way for delivery of drugs. Studying the brain (choice d) is not the initial function of channels, though it is one of the uses of the probes themselves.
  17. b.   Throughout, the passage compares and contrasts the various methods of medical waste disposal.
  18. d.   See the last sentence of paragraph. Compaction may well reduce transportation costs (choice a) according to paragraph. That it reduces the volume of waste (choice b) is an advantage, not a disadvantage. Compaction is not designed to eliminate organic matter, so confirming that it has been eliminated (choice c) is not an issue.
  19. a.   See the last sentence of paragraph , which states that incineration is … the preferred method for on-site treatment.
  20. b.   See the last sentence of paragraph , which points out that steam sterilization does not change the appearance of the waste, thus perhaps raising questions at a landfill.
  21. c.   Paragraph states that liquid is separated from pulp in the hydropulping process. Paragraph says that liquid may form during the sterilization process.
  22. a.   This response relies on an understanding of pathological wastes, which are wastes generated by infectious materials. Paragraph points out that incineration is especially appropriate for pathological wastes. Previously, paragraph had said that steam sterilization is appropriate for substances contaminated with infectious organisms.
  23. d.   The second paragraph says that the main risk of pushing carts is potential exposure from torn bags but that automated carts can reduce that potential.
  24. b.   See the next to last sentence of paragraph. Sterilization does not change the appearance of waste. Although compacting does change the volume of the waste, it is not appropriate for eliminating hazardous materials.
  25. d.   See the second sentence of paragraph : … there is some risk of exhausting contaminants into hallways, meaning waste might be discharged.
  26. b.   See the last sentence of the passage, which states that the costs have been prohibitive for smaller units when using rotary kilns.
  27. c.   Although the contaminants may sometimes be extremely toxic (choice a), the word fugitive here is the key to the meaning. The words fugitive emissions are used in the context of the disposal process of hydropulping. To be a fugitive means to run away or to escape, so the logical choice, given this context, is choice c. There is nothing anywhere in the passage about criminal activity, so choice b is not a likely answer. Choice d is wrong because the microbiological testing of which the passage speaks pertains to ensuring that all waste is disposed of.
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