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Reading Comprehension and Long Passages Additional Practice (page 2)

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Updated on Aug 10, 2011

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  1. d.   Many asthma sufferers have an inherited tendency to have allergies, referred to as atopy in the third paragraph.
  2. b.   The fourth sentence of the second paragraph explains that during an attack the person afflicted with asthma will compensate for constricted airways by breathing a greater volume of air.
  3. c.   The first sentence of the passage begins, No longer, indicating that in the past asthma was considered an anomalous inflammation of the bronchi. Now asthma is considered a chronic condition of the lungs.
  4. b.   An exacerbation is usually defined as an aggravation of symptoms or increase in the severity of a disease. However, in this passage, exacerbations is interchangeable with asthma attacks.
  5. a.   Although cramping may occur during asthma attacks, it is not mentioned in the passage. See the bottom half of the second paragraph for a full explanation of the morphological effects of an attack.
  6. d.   The third paragraph discusses triggers in detail. Although using a fan in the summer months sounds good, an air conditioner is recommended when the pollen count is high. Family pets and cigarette smoke are all distinctly inflammatory to asthma sufferers. Only physical activity is touted as a possible symptom reducer.
  7. a.   Because asthma symptoms vary throughout the day, relying on the presence of an attack or even just on the presence of a respiratory ailment to diagnose asthma is flawed logic.
  8. b.   All the individuals listed would glean a certain amount of knowledge from the passage; however, a healthcare professional would find the broad overview of the effects of asthma, combined with the trigger avoidance and diagnosis information, most relevant. A research scientist would likely have all this information already. A mother with an asthmatic child would probably not be interested in the diagnosis protocol. The antismoking activist probably would not find enough fodder in this article.
  9. d.   According to the last part of the third paragraph, second-hand smoke can increase the risk of allergic sensitization in children.
  10. b.   See the third paragraph: "One in ten" (% of) cases of anorexia end in death.
  11. a.   See the second and third paragraphs for reference to heart problems with anorexia, the fourth and fifth paragraphs for discussion of heart problems with bulimia, and the last paragraph, where heart disease is mentioned, as a risk in obese people who suffer from binge-eating disorder.
  12. c.   Near the end of the last paragraph, the passage indicates that binge-eating disorder patients experience high blood pressure.
  13. d.   It is the other way around: % of people with anorexia develop bulimia, as stated near the end of the fifth paragraph.
  14. b.   The first sentence of the fifth paragraph tells us that bulimia sufferers are often able to keep their problem a secret, partly because they maintain a normal or above-normal weight.
  15. c.   In the second paragraph, the thyroid gland function is mentioned as slowing down—one effort on the part of the body to protect itself.
  16. a.   According to the second paragraph, dehydration contributes to constipation.
  17. b.   As stated in the opening sentence of the fourth paragraph, bulimia patients may exercise obsessively.
  18. d.   See the second sentence of the sixth paragraph. If as many as one-third of the binge-eating disorder population are men, it stands to reason that up to two-thirds are younger women, given that we have learned that about % of all eating disorder sufferers are adolescent and young adult women.
  19. c.   The tone of the passage is enthusiastic in its recommendation of the greyhound as pet and, thereby, encourages people to adopt one. It does not give advice on transforming a greyhound (choice a). Except to say that they love to run, the passage does not spend equal time on describing the greyhound as racer (choice b). The author's tone is not objective (choice d), but rather enthusiastic.
  20. d.   See the last paragraph. The passage does not mention b or c. Choice a is clearly wrong; the passage states the opposite.
  21. a.   See the first paragraph. Choices b, c, and d are not touched on in the passage.
  22. d.   See the last paragraph. Choices a, b, and c are contradicted in the passage.
  23. d.   The enthusiastic tone of the passage seems meant to encourage people to adopt retired greyhounds. Choice a is wrong because there is only one statistic in the passage (in the first sentence), and it is not used to prove the point that greyhounds make good pets. Choice b is wrong because the author substantiates every point with information. Choice c is wrong because the passage does make the negative point that greyhounds do not make good watchdogs.
  24. b.   See the end of the next to last sentence in the passage. Choices a, c, and d are not to be found in the passage.
  25. b.   This is stated explicitly in the second sentence of the passage. Choice a is incorrect because only bad eris was defined as violent. Choice c deals with problems that belong in the domain of mankind, not the universe. Choice d has no support in the passage.
  26. a.   Again, this is a definition explicitly stated in the sixth sentence. Choice b is incorrect because a choice dealing with mankind alone is too narrow for a definition of eris, which deals with the entire universe. Choice c is incorrect because it only deals with one action of the personified concept in goddess form. Choice d has no support.
  27. d.   This is stated in the third sentence of paragraph. Zeus did not want to sire [father] a child who could eventually overthrow him. According to the passage, he felt it was safer to arrange for the child's father to be a mortal. There is no support in the passage for any of the other choices.
  28. c.   This answer follows the logic of the previous answer. A mortal child could never challenge the gods implies that Zeus feared that if the child were immortal, it would overthrow him. The other choices mention individual words that appear in the passage but have no support.
  29. b.   The second to the last line in paragraph tells us that Achilles was the son of Thetis and Peleus, and that the war will result in his death. Choice a is incorrect because there is no other mention of Zeus or events in the Trojan War other than Achilles' death. Choice c is incorrect because Eris purposely created the conditions that would lead to the war to kill the child of the bride and groom. Choice d is incorrect because Achilles is the son of Thetis and Peleus, the bride and groom of the myth.
  30. c.   This lesson is discussed explicitly in paragraph. All other choices are irrelevant.
  31. c.   The husband had a civil servant's job and received a steady salary; the wife had a servant who cleaned for her. The couple lived in a dwelling that had several rooms. This implies that they lived comfortably. Choice a is incorrect because they obviously were not impoverished. Choice b is incorrect because the wife had a maid. Choice d is incorrect because this was the life the wife wanted to have, but instead had shabby walls, worn furniture etc.
  32. d.   This question relates to the previous one. This choice presents the fact that the wife had a maid. Choice a does not deal with the couple's economic standing, but only the wife's before she was married. Choice b is tempting, but the poverty of her rooms is more in her eyes than a truthful economic indicator. How poverty stricken can she be if she has a maid? Choice c deals with a tablecloth that has been used three days in a row. It has nothing to do with economic standing because it could have been washed by the maid or the wife, and the situation would have been remedied.
  33. a.   It is obvious from the description of the wife's thoughts in the first paragraph that she wished she had married a rich man. Instead, she slipped into marriage with a minor civil servant. The woman is ashamed of her marriage and of her husband's occupation to the point of making it sound like an accident, as one may slip on a wet floor. Choices b, c, and d are incorrect because the wife loving anything other than expensive things is never mentioned in the passage.
  34. b.   The husband's delight with the homemade stew only seems to send his wife into another bout of daydreams to escape her middle-class prison. Choice a is blatantly incorrect, because the husband obviously enjoys homemade beef stew while the wife dreams of wings of grouse. Choice c is incorrect because the husband is either unaware of his wife's anguish or doesn't let it affect his delight in his dinner. Choice d is irrelevant to the passage.
  35. d.   This is reinforced by the last two sentences of the passage. The wife admits she only loves rich things, believes she was made for them, and focuses all her desires on being admired and sought after, thinking only of herself at all times. Choice a is incorrect because the author paints a negative picture of the wife. Although choice b is tempting, the author does not develop the husband enough for him to become the focus of the passage. Choice c is incorrect because it is not developed in the passage. The focus is on the wife, not on class distinctions in general.
  36. a.   Adjectives are the words that describe nouns. These are the words that truly add dimension to the descriptions of the home and the daydreams of the wife. Innate, instinctive, grandest, gorgeous, gleaming, and pink are some of the adjectives that enrich the nouns of the wife's dreams. Shabby, worn, ugly, and homemade are adjectives that add to the undesirable view she has of her present situation. None of the other choices add such richness to the passage.
  37. b.   This answer is explicitly stated in the first sentence of the selection. Choices a and d are not mentioned as a result of plaqueladen arteries. Choice c is too general to be the best answer.
  38. c.   This answer is explicitly stated in the sixth sentence of paragraph. Choice a only names one medical instrument used during the procedure. Choice b offers the reason for the angioplasty, because it is done to compress the plaque in an artery. Choice d offers a procedure that would be chosen as an alternative to angioplasty.
  39. a.   The first and second sentences of paragraph state how both procedures, angioplasty and bypass surgery, are invasive because "both involve entering the body cavity." None of the other choices are supported or implied as a definition for invasive.
  40. c.   The procedure is detailed in paragraph. It begins with injecting a special dye. Choices a and b follow later in the procedure, whereas choice d deals with bypass surgery rather than the angioplasty procedure.
  41. d.   This answer can be found in paragraph. a team of surgeons stands ready to perform bypass surgery even though the risk factor of death is only %. Choice a is not supported in the passage. Choices c and d are incorrect because the passage does not discuss patient reaction at all.
  42. a.   This choice is supported in the last sentence of paragraph. Choice b is incorrect: The risk factor is %. Choice c is a complete misunderstanding of the text. Inflating a balloon into a blocked artery is coronary balloon angioplasty. Because two answers are incorrect, d is not a viable choice.
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