Perfect Verb Tenses and Irregular Verbs Help
Perfect Verb Tenses
You have been working with verbs in the present, the past, and the future tense. It's important to add one other verb formation to this list, and that is the perfect tense. We'll explore this even more later in the book, but for now, you should know that the three perfect tenses (present perfect, past perfect, and future perfect) are formed by adding has, had, or have to the past tense of the verb. Let's concentrate on the present perfect tense—a time that started in the past and continues into the present. Look at the verb complain:
- I complain. (present)
- I complained. (past)
- I will complain. (future)
- I have complained ever since we moved farther from town. (present perfect)
The last example conforms to the definition of the present perfect tense. The complaining started in the past and continues into the present. Look at one more example, using the verb prepare:
- I prepare three meals a day. (present)
- I prepared three meals a day. (past)
- I will prepare three meals a day. (future)
- I have prepared three meals a day since 2001. (present perfect)
Perfect Verb Tenses Practice and Answers
Circle the verb in each sentence. Then identify the tense of the verb. Use the previous example sentences as your guide.
- I expect a raise in October. __________
- Last year I received less than the maximum. __________
- I have expected a larger raise for the past two years. __________
- You think my larger raise will come this year, don't you? __________
- I have read every document in the company. __________
- My feet slid across the newly polished floors. __________
- Next time I will know when the floor is wet. __________
- We wrote a list of safety instructions. __________
- We will implement the ideas shortly. __________
- I avoided a serious injury this time. __________
1. expect/present tense 2. received/past tense 3. have expected/present perfect tense 4. will come/future tense 5. have read/present perfect 6. slid/past tense 7. will know/future 8. wrote/past 9. will implement/future 10. avoided/past
If English is your first language, you probably switch from tense to tense with great ease—that is, with regular verbs. People are much more likely to have problems with the tenses of irregular verbs. The spellings of these verbs change to a greater degree to indicate tense—and English has quite a few of them.
Perhaps you've heard the following incorrect past-tense verbs:
- I brung my lunch with me every day last week to save money.
- I hanged my hat on the hook.
Now look at this partial list of irregular verbs, and find the correct past forms of bring and hang:
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