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# Division of Whole Numbers Help

based on 3 ratings
By McGraw-Hill Professional
Updated on Sep 21, 2011

## Division of Whole Numbers

In division, the number under the division box is called the dividend . The number outside the division box is called the divisor . The answer in division is called the quotient . Sometimes the answer does not come out even ; hence, there will be a remainder .

The process of long division consists of a series of steps. They are divide, multiply, subtract, and bring down. When dividing it is also necessary to estimate how many times the divisor divides into the dividend. When the divisor consists of two or more digits, the estimation can be accomplished by dividing the first digit of the divisor into the first one or two digits of the dividend. The process is shown next .

#### Example 1

Divide 543 by 37.

#### Solution 1

Step 1:

Step 2:

Step 3:

Step 4:

Repeat Step 1:

Repeat Step 2:

Repeat Step 3:

Hence, the answer is 14 remainder 25 or 14 R25. Stop when you run out of digits in the dividend to bring down.

#### Example 2

Divide 2322 by 43.

#### Solution 2

Division can be checked by multiplying the quotient by the divisor and seeing if you get the dividend. For the previous example, multiply 54 × 43.

### Division of Whole Numbers Practice Problems

#### Practice

Divide:

1. 2666 ÷ 62

2. 31,568 ÷ 4

3. 181,044 ÷ 564

4. 873 ÷ 24

5. 4,762 ÷ 371

1. 43

2. 7,892

3. 321

4. 36 R9

5. 12 R310

More practice problems for these concepts can be found at: Whole Numbers Practice Test.

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