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# Subtraction of Whole Numbers Help

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By McGraw-Hill Professional
Updated on Sep 21, 2011

## Subtraction of Whole Numbers

In subtraction, the top number is called the minuend . The number being subtracted (below the top number) is called the subtrahend . The answer in subtraction is called the remainder or difference .

To subtract two numbers, write the numbers in a vertical column and then subtract the bottom digits from the top digits. Proceed from right to left. When the bottom digit is larger than the top digit, borrow from the digit at the top of the next column and add ten to the top digit before subtracting. When borrowing, be sure to reduce the top digit in the next column by 1 .

#### Example 1

Subtract: 16,875 – 3,423.

#### Example 2

Subtract: 3,497 – 659.

#### Solution 2

Math Note: To check subtraction, add the difference to the subtrahend to see if you get the minuend.

Check

#### Practice

Subtract:

1. 732 – 65

2. 14,375 – 2,611

3. 325,671 – 43,996

4. 12,643,271 – 345,178

5. 7,000,000 – 64,302

1. 667

2. 11,764

3. 281,675

4. 12,298,093

5. 6,935,698

More practice problems for these concepts can be found at: Whole Numbers Practice Test.

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