Biology Introductory Quiz
Biology Introductory Quiz
1. What is the substance called that fills a cell inside its cell membrane?
a. metabolic fluid
2. In which of the following organisms would cells have a cell wall?
3. Metabolism refers to
a. uncontrolled division of cancer cells.
b. irregularity in the shape of a cell.
c. transformation of a normal cell into a cancer cell.
d. the biochemical reactions that support life.
4. Sometimes, an allele on one chromosome will suppress the phenotypic expression of an allele on its paired chromosome. This is an example of
c. carrier recognition.
5. The process of respiration includes
a. resting and digesting.
b. inhalation and gas exchange.
c. circulatory constriction.
d. synaptic conduction.
6. Nitrogen fixation, whereby atmospheric, gaseous nitrogen is assimilated into chemical compounds, is a process performed by which organism?
7. The orientation of a plant toward or away from light is called
8. The major sites of photosynthesis in most plants are the
9. The cellular component or organelle where photosynthesis takes place is the
c. Golgi body.
10. Angiosperms are different from gymnosperms because
a. they produce flowers.
b. they have seeds.
c. they reproduce only asexually.
d. they are limited in their growth rate.
11. With relation to the idea of survival of the fittest, which of the following is the best measure of the fittest organism?
a. physical strength
b. reproductive success
c. winning a combat for resources
d. winning a combat for a mate
12. A distinguishing feature of the Kingdom Monera is that the cells of the organisms in that Kingdom
a. contain many organelles.
b. contain mitochondria.
c. obtain food through photosynthesis.
d. do not have a nucleus.
13. Which of the following categories of classification is the least specific?
14. Which of the following characteristics best distinguishes nonliving organisms from living organisms?
a. Nonliving organisms can change position.
b. Nonliving organisms can reproduce.
c. Nonliving organisms are complexly organized.
d. Nonliving organisms are stationary.
15. The nephron is part of which of the following organs?
16. Which of the following is known as the "powerhouse of the cell"?
c. endoplasmic reticulum
17. Which of the following structures is part of a plant cell but not of an animal cell?
d. endoplasmic reticulum
18. Which of the following statements is true?
a. Cells form organs, which form tissues, which form systems.
b. Cells form tissues, which form organs, which form systems.
c. Tissues form cells, which form organs, which form systems.
d. Systems form cells, which form tissues, which form organs.
19. The principal function of blood platelets is to
a. help clot blood.
b. carry oxygen.
c. produce antibodies.
d. consume bacteria.
20. The two or more related genes that control a trait are known as
21. Which of the following is an example of natural selection?
a. the development of flies that were resistant to the chemical DDT after it became widely used to kill household pests
b. an increase in the average yearly egg production by chickens who were selected by breeders because of their high egg production
c. an inherited characteristic, such as long necks in giraffes, that is passed on and occurs generation after generation
d. the development of penicillin and other antibiotics for the treatment of bacterial infections
22. Which of the following is NOT a member of the Fungi Kingdom?
23. Which of the following is a characteristic function of the Plant Kingdom?
24. Which of the following organs functions to absorb water and create feces from undigested food?
a. small intestine
c. large intestine
25. In vertebrate animals, muscles consist mainly of which tissue?
b. cardiac muscle
c. smooth muscle
d. striated muscle
26. What is the light-sensitive pigment found in green plants?
27. The position a plant or animal occupies in the food chain may also be referred to as its
b. producer level.
d. trophic level.
28. Water and nutrients move through transport tubes, such as xylem and phloem, in which of the following plant groups?
a. nonvascular plants
29. What is the process in which genetic information contained in the DNA molecule is transferred to a messenger RNA molecule?
30. The flowers of a flowering plant are part of which generation?
31. In vertebrate animals, which of the following are cell fragments that play a key role in blood clotting?
c. red blood cells
32. According to the binomial classification system, which of the following categories is the most specific (or has the smallest number of organisms)?
33. Which of the following is the main function of the urinary bladder?
a. to convert urea to urinec
b. to absorb water
c. to store urine for excretion
d. to store bile salts
34. Blood from the lungs travels to the left atrium of the heart through the
b. vena cava.
c. pulmonary artery.
d. pulmonary vein.
35. Muscles perform which of the following operations?
a. contraction and expansion
b. contraction only
c. expansion only
d. neither contraction nor expansion
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