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Prewriting Practice Exercises

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Updated on Aug 25, 2011

Read the following study guide for a concept review:

Prewriting Study Guide

Exercise 1

Read the topic, and then brainstorm related ideas. Consider the season, foods, colors, people, decorations, and events you associate with the topic.

Questions

Topic: Choose your favorite holiday. What does this holiday mean to you?

Holiday:

Brainstorming ideas:

Exercise 2

Question

Suppose your school has given the eighth grade a choice between a trip to the zoo or an end-of-theyear party. Your teacher has asked everyone to write an essay explaining his or her preference. Use the lines to complete a prewriting list. In each column, try to list at least one advantage and one disadvantage.

Zoo trip School party

Exercise 3

The outline below shows another way to brainstorm for the topic "Why is it important to protect the environment?" Use the cluster diagram you read previously or your own ideas to complete the outline. One entry has been completed for you.

Question

Why Protect the Environment?

  1. The importance of land
    1. Humans rely on crops and other plants for food.
    2.  
    3.  
  2. The importance of water
    1.  
    2.  
    3.  
  3. The importance of air
    1.  
    2.  
    3.  
  4. The importance of animals
    1.  
    2.  
    3.  

Answers

Exercise 1

Answers will vary. Here is one possibility:

      Holiday: Easter
      Brainstorming ideas: egg hunt, painting eggs, filling baskets, hiding candy from my brother, pancake breakfast, visiting aunt and uncle for dinner, Grandma's bunny cookies, fifth grade pink bunny costume

Exercise 2

Answers will vary. One possibility is shown here. Notice that the first three items in each list are advantages, and the last item is a possible disadvantage of that option.

      Zoo trip
      spend the day away from school
      fun to see the animals
      eat a picnic lunch
      visited the zoo last month with my family
      School party
      everyone will be there
      fun to decorate the school
      teachers will order pizza
      no break from being at school

Exercise 3

If you completed the outline with your own ideas, answers will vary slightly. If you used the ideas from the previous cluster diagram, your outline should look similar to this:

Why Protect the Environment?

  1. The importance of land
    1. Humans rely on crops and other plants for food.
    2. Land sustains animal and human life.
    3. All animals need trees and plants to produce oxygen.
  2. The importance of water
    1. We need clean drinking water to survive.
    2. Clean rivers, lakes, and oceans support marine life.
    3. Rain and groundwater allow plants to grow.
  3. The importance of air
    1. All plants and animals need clean air to breathe.
    2. The ozone protects us from harmful radiation.
    3. Air pollution leads to acid rain and poisons humans, animals, and plants.
  4. The importance of animals
    1. Animals provide food and companionship for people.
    2. Animals balance ecosystems and affect the survival of plants and humans.
    3. Many species are in danger of extinction if humans don't protect them.
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