Different Types of Pronouns Help
All About Pronouns
There are a number of different types of pronouns that you should know about. Review the following new pronoun list before you continue:
- Personal (subject): I, you, he, she, it, we, they, who
- Personal (object): me, you, him, her, it, us, them, whom
- Mirror: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
- Relative: which, that, who, whom, what, whatever, whomever Pointing: this, these
- Indefinite: all, any, anybody, anything, both, each, either, enough, everybody, few, less, many, more, much, neither, none, nothing, one, plenty, several, some, someone
- Ownership: my, mine, your, yours, his, hers, its, our, ours, their, theirs
Personal pronouns are used as both subjects and objects. Look at the following incorrect example:
- Incorrect: Me walks a mile every morning.
Me cannot be used as the subject; it is an object pronoun. I is the subject pronoun.
- Correct: I walk a mile every morning.
Take a look at a correct use of me:
You should give your phone number to me for emergencies.
In this sentence, the pronoun me is the object of the preposition to.
At times you may have trouble deciding whether to use a subject or object pronoun. Here's a trick you should know when you have a choice between two pronouns: Try one pronoun at a time. For example, what would you do if you couldn't decide between these two pronouns?
- I ran into Jack and (he/him) at the mall.
Using the previously mentioned trick, you would eliminate one pronoun and say the sentence, preferably out loud.
- I ran into he at the mall.
- I ran into him at the mall.
Which sounds better to you? Undoubtedly, you would say the second sentence sounds correct, and it is. The pronoun chart at the beginning of this section tells you that he is a subject pronoun, which cannot be used in this object position. By the way, Jack and him are objects of the preposition into.
Consider this issue another way:
- Jack and (he/him) ran into Mel at the mall.
Which pronoun will you use? First, decide what the pronoun's function is in this sentence. You probably realize that you are choosing a subject pronoun. You can look at the pronoun chart to confirm your choice, or once again, you can eliminate one word in the subject to find the answer.
- Him ran into Mel at the mall.
- He ran into Mel at the mall.
Say it out loud, and your ear will tell you the correct statement.
Subject and object pronouns are also involved in comparisons. It's very easy to make a pronoun error when you say or write a comparison. For example:
- Cindy liked the movie more than (she/her).
The first thing you have to know is that this is an unfinished comparison. The sentence means that Cindy liked the movie more than someone else did. In fact, the verb did is understood although not stated. Consequently, if you add did to the end of the sentence, which would you choose, she or her?
- Cindy liked the movie more than (she/her) did.
The answer is now obvious to you:
- Cindy liked the movie more than she did.
Keep this in mind: finishing the sentence also avoids any misunderstanding due to ambiguity. What else could the sentence mean? Cindy liked the movie more than her, meaning "her friend Lee"? Did Cindy like movies more than she liked her friend Lee? No, this is not the intention. When in doubt, finish the sentence.
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