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Drawing Conclusions Review Practice (page 2)

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Updated on Sep 29, 2011

Answers

  1. The answer is c, slippery slope. Notice how the passage claims that if X happens ("if we don't act now"), then Y will automatically follow ("there will soon be thousands of companies destroying our world's most bountiful gardens"). But not putting a stop to tropical deforestation now doesn't necessarily mean that, for example, the habitat of indigenous tribes of people will be destroyed.
  2. The correct choice is b, dysphemism. "Deadly gas" is a much more negative term than the one it replaces, the more neutral term "carbon monoxide."
  3. The correct choice is d, biased question. The way the question is phrased makes it difficult to answer "yes
  4. The correct choice is d, all of the above.
  5. Since the statistic cited in the passage can't be accepted as fact, then the passage doesn't contain any credible facts. The statistic can be accepted as a tentative truth until more information is given.
  6. The correct choice is c; the no in-between fallacy. The speaker is not considering that there are more options. He or she, for example, could keep the music turned down, play it when mom isn't home, or other ideas.
  7. The correct choice is c; the speaker is committing the two wrongs make a right fallacy. The speaker is assuming that it is acceptable to do something because other people might do it too.
  8. The correct choice is b; the speaker is making a hasty generalization. The speaker is making a conclusion based on too little evidence.
  9. The correct choice is d; there's nothing wrong with the speaker's reasoning. The speaker is making a conclusion based on good evidence and common sense.
  10. The correct choice is d; there's nothing wrong with the speaker's reasoning. The speaker is making a conclusion based on good evidence and common sense.
  11. The most logical conclusion to draw from this evidence is c, that all three of them are in it together. Anna had recently lost her job, so she might be in need of money. The fact that she recently had her jewelry reappraised should add to your suspicions, as should the fact that only the jewelry was taken. Furthermore, Louis' boss committed insurance fraud in the past, so his credibility should be doubted. It might be inferred that Louis' boss committed the robbery, since he was not with Louis the entire time Louis was at work. Even if Louis' boss didn't actually commit the robbery, chances are good that his boss was somehow involved in planning the theft. It's logical to assume that Louis stayed at work so that he wouldn't be a suspect, and therefore, he needed someone else (like his boss) to commit the actual crime.
  12. Louis' boss' testimony should be regarded with suspicion. Because this is probably a case of insurance fraud, and because he was guilty of insurance fraud in the past, he's not a trustworthy witness or alibi.

 

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