Critical Thinking Skills Review Study Guide (page 2)

Updated on Sep 20, 2011

Troubleshooting Problems Study Guide

You learned how to troubleshoot problems by thinking ahead, identifying issues that could get in your way, and taking care of them. You also learned about unforeseeable problems, those inconveniences that hold you up as you work toward a goal. Another type of troubleshooting involved problem-causing trends. This must be used when you are consistently faced with the same type of problem, in order to figure out how to prevent it in the future.

Decision Making Resources Study Guide

This lesson stressed getting accurate information. If you have a decision to make, or a problem to solve and you do not know what to base a decision on, or if there are factors that need to be considered that you are not familiar with, you need to consult other resources. They include the Internet, libraries, and experts.

Fact or Opinion Study Guide

Here, you learned that a fact is something that can be proven true while an opinion can't. And you discovered the importance of knowing if information is accurate and objective or false and/or biased. To trust any source, you need to check out the author's credentials, documentation and quality of sources, and others' opinions of the source. This is essential, especially when researching on the Internet, where just about anyone can publish and make it seem legitimate.

Persuasion Techniques Study Guide

This lesson examined how to recognize persuasion techniques used in speech, writing, and advertising. Three persuasion techniques described by Aristotle thousands of years ago (logos, pathos, ethos) are still used today, along with rhetorical questions, hyperboles, and comparisons. These techniques are used in persuasive advertising, where the marketer aims to manipulate your spending habits by making you want to buy his or her product or service. When you understand how persuasion works, you can avoid being swayed by it and use it to your advantage.

Manipulating Statistics Study Guide

You learned how numbers can sometimes lie. Whether by deliberate misuse, negligence, or plain incompetence, the facts and figures we see, hear, and read are not always the truth. It all happens in one, or both, of two key areas. First, numbers must be gathered. If they are collected incorrectly or by someone with an agenda or bias, you need to know that. Second, numbers must be analyzed or interpreted. Again, this process can be done incorrectly, or by an individual or group with an agenda. Surveys, correlation studies, and statistics were examined.

Rational Decision Making Study Guide

This lesson covered the role emotions play in the decision-making process. Emotions and emotional situations explored included bias and stereotypes, stress, and the ego. When emotional responses are recognized and used appropriately they can be an effective component of critical thinking. The goal is to acknowledge and understand the emotions that may influence your decision making, so you can determine when and where to let them become part of the solutions and decisions you make.

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