Critical Thinking Skills Review Study Guide (page 4)

Updated on Sep 20, 2011

Argument vs. Explanation Study Guide

You learned that an explanation is made up of two parts: the explanadum, what will be explained; and the explanans, the statements that do the explaining. A good explanation gives new information, the topic is accepted as fact, it's relevant, and when accepted, removes or lessens a problem. An explanation answers the question, "why?" An argument, on the other hand, gives reasons (premises) that are evidence for a conclusion and may be opinions or value judgments. Explanations are neither of those.

types of Critical Thinking Exams Study Guide

In this lesson, you discovered how to use the skills when you take exams to get into colleges or grad schools or to get a job. Critical reading questions on tests measure your ability to understand a passage, draw inferences, analyze information, and critique others peoples' arguments. Other tests measure science reasoning, analytical writing, and logical and situational reasoning.


Summarize each lesson yourself. Draw a triangle and write the three most important facts, one in each corner. Use this technique with everything you read to help you help you remember what you read and increase your critical-thinking skills!

In Short

Now that you have reviewed each of the lessons, it is time to test your skills with the Critical Thinking Practice Quiz.

Exercises for this concept can be found at Critical Thinking Skills Review Practice Exercises.

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