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Cells Review Questions for AP Biology

based on 3 ratings
By — McGraw-Hill Professional
Updated on Oct 24, 2011

Review the following concepts if needed:

Review Questions

For questions 1–4, please use the following answer choices:

  1. Cell wall
  2. Mitochondrion
  3. Ribosome
  4. Lysosome
  5. Golgi apparatus
  1. This organelle is present in plant cells, but not animal cells.
  2. Absence of enzymes from this organelle can lead to storage diseases such as Tay-Sachs disease.
  3. This organelle is the host for the Krebs cycle and oxidative phosphorylation of respiration.
  4. This organelle is synthesized in the nucleolus of the cell.
  5. Which of the following best describes the fluid mosaic model of membranes?
    1. The membrane consists of a phospholipid bilayer with proteins of various lengths and sizes located on the exterior portions of the membrane.
    2. The membrane consists of a phospholipid bilayer with proteins of various lengths and sizes located in the interior of the membrane.
    3. The membrane is composed of a phospholipid bilayer with proteins of uniform lengths and sizes located in the interior of the membrane.
    4. The membrane contains a phospholipid bilayer with proteins of various lengths and sizes interspersed among the phospholipids.
    5. The membrane consists of a phospholipid bilayer with proteins of uniform length and size interspersed among the phospholipids.
  6. Which of the following types of cell transport requires energy?
    1. The movement of a particle across a selectively permeable membrane down its concentration gradient
    2. The movement of a particle across a selectively permeable membrane against its concentration gradient
    3. The movement of water down its concentration gradient across selectively permeable membranes
    4. The movement of a sodium ion from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration
    5. The movement of a particle across a selectively permeable membrane with the assistance of the membrane's transport proteins
  7. Which of the following structures is present in prokaryotic cells?
    1. Nucleus
    2. Mitochondria
    3. Cell wall
    4. Golgi apparatus
    5. Lysosome
  8. Which of the following represents an incorrect description of an organelle's function?
    1. Chloroplast: the site of photosynthesis and energy production in plant cells
    2. Peroxisome: organelle that produces hydrogen peroxide as a by-product of reactions involved in the breakdown of fatty acids, and detoxification of alcohol in the liver
    3. Golgi apparatus: structure to which proteins, lipids, and other macromolecules are sent to be modified by the addition of sugars and other molecules to form glycoproteins
    4. Rough endoplasmic reticulum: membrane bound organelle lacking ribosomes on its cytoplasmic surface, involved in lipid synthesis, detoxification, and carbohydrate metabolism.
    5. Nucleus: the control center in eukaryotic cells, which acts as the site for replication, transcription, and posttranscriptional modification of RNA
  9. The destruction of which of the following would most cripple a cell's ability to undergo cell division?
    1. Microfilaments
    2. Intermediate filaments
    3. Microtubules
    4. Actin fibers
    5. Keratin fibers
  10. Which of the following can easily diffuse across a selectively permeable membrane?
    1. Na+
    2. Glucose
    3. Large uncharged polar molecules
    4. Charged ions
    5. Lipids
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