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Human Physiology Review Questions for AP Biology

By — McGraw-Hill Professional
Updated on Oct 24, 2011

Review the following concepts if needed:

Review Questions

  1. In what form is most of the carbon dioxide of the body transported in the bloodstream?
    1. Complexed with hemoglobin
    2. As CO2
    3. As HCO-3
    4. As CO
    5. As ferredoxin
  2. For questions 2–5, use the following answer choices:

    1. LH
    2. FSH
    3. Estrogen
    4. Aldosterone
    5. TSH
  3. This hormone is involved in the regulation of the body's metabolic rate.
  4. This gonadotropin induces ovulation in females.
  5. This hormone is involved in the regulation of the body's sodium concentration.
  6. This hormone is vital to the maintenance of the endometrium during pregnancy.
  7. The major emulsifier of fats in the digestive system is
    1. Lipase
    2. Amylase
    3. Trypsin
    4. Chymotrypsin
    5. Bile salts
  8. Which cell type keeps humans from being infected by the same organism twice?
    1. Plasma cell
    2. Memory cell
    3. Macrophage
    4. Neutrophil
    5. Phagocyte
  9. Which of the following muscle sites does not contain smooth muscle?
    1. Aorta
    2. Bladder
    3. Esophagus
    4. Quadriceps
    5. Renal artery
  10. Which of the following is the functional unit of the respiratory system?
    1. Bronchus
    2. Bronchioles
    3. Alveolus
    4. Larynx
    5. Trachea
  11. Which of the following regions of the brain controls breathing?
    1. Cerebellum
    2. Medulla
    3. Cerebrum
    4. Cerebrum
    5. Amygdala
  12. Which of the following is the major digestive enzyme of the stomach?
    1. Trypsin
    2. Chymotrypsin
    3. Pepsin
    4. Amylase
    5. Sucrase
  13. Which of the following is not an example of nonspecific immunity?
    1. Lysosyme of saliva
    2. Skin
    3. Mucous lining of the lungs and trachea
    4. Lower pH of the stomach
    5. Plasma cells
  14. Which of the following is true about the filtrate of the glomerulus?0
    1. It contains little or no glucose.
    2. It contains little or no protein.
    3. It contains little or no sodium.
    4. It contains little or no urea.
    5. It contains little or no potassium.
  15. Which of the following is not a hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary?
    1. TSH
    2. FSH
    3. ADH
    4. LH
    5. STH
  16. Which of the following scenarios would be least likely to initiate a response from the sympathetic nervous system of the body?
    1. Getting called on in class by the teacher when you do not know the answer
    2. Seeing a cop while you are driving too fast on the highway
    3. Walking through the woods and seeing a bear in the near distance
    4. Waking from a midafternoon nap as sunlight strikes your face
    5. Hearing a dish break on the kitchen floor right behind you
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