The Era of Reconstruction (1865–1877) Review Questions for AP U.S. History

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Updated on Mar 4, 2011

The study guide for these practice exercises can be found at:

The Era of Reconstruction (1865–1877) for AP U.S. History

  1. Radical Republicans favored all of the following except
    1. the continuation of the Freedmen's Bureau
    2. the governing of the South by military generals
    3. the impeachment of Andrew Johnson
    4. the return of former Confederate leaders to positions of power in the South
    5. the election of newly enfranchised blacks to positions in Southern state legislatures
  2. (Correct Answer: D. All of the other choices were favored by Radical Republicans; the Reconstruction Act of 1867 placed the former Confederate states under military rule.)

  3. The official reason for impeachment proceedings against Andrew Johnson was
    1. he had violated the Tenure of Office Act
    2. he had violated the Reconstruction Act
    3. his Reconstruction policies were much too lenient to the South
    4. he had failed to enforce the Army Act
    5. he had failed to enforce the Civil Rights Act of 1866
  4. (Correct Answer: A. By attempting to remove Edwin Stanton as Secretary of War, many in Congress stated that Johnson had knowingly violated the Tenure of Office Act, thus violating provisions of the United States Constitution.)

  5. Black Codes were instituted to
    1. increase black participation in Southern politics during Reconstruction
    2. increase the effectiveness of the Freedmen's Bureau
    3. prevent blacks from having certain jobs
    4. maintain slavery in some sections of the Deep South
    5. allow blacks to move more freely in the South
  6. (Correct Answer: C. Black Codes were adopted by Southern legislatures in 1866 and limited movement by blacks, prevented them from having certain jobs, and prohibited interracial marriage.)

  7. Reconstruction ended as a result of the Compromise of 1877 because
    1. a presidential mandate ordered that Reconstruction end
    2. by the provisions of the compromise, the U.S. Army was removed from Southern states
    3. the new president, Rutherford B. Hayes, was strongly against the existing Reconstruction policy
    4. many blacks were now in positions of power in the South, and Reconstruction policies were no longer needed
    5. public opinion in the North no longer favored existing Reconstruction policies
  8. (Correct Answer: B. After Hayes was given the presidency by the Compromise of 1877, the U.S. Army left control of the South to the South. Without the army present to enforce Reconstruction policies, these policies ended. Blacks were soon second-class citizens again.)

  9. The Fifteenth Amendment
    1. allowed Southern states to reenter the Union
    2. outlawed slavery
    3. stated that a person could not be denied the vote because of his color
    4. said that former Confederate officials could not hold public office
    5. stated that citizenship would be the same in all states
  10. (Correct Answer: C. The Fifteenth Amendment stated that no American could be denied the right to vote "on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.")

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