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World Wars and Depression Review Questions for AP World History

By — McGraw-Hill Professional
Updated on Mar 4, 2011

The study guide for these review questions can be found at:

World Wars and Depression Review for AP World History

Review Questions

  1. World War I was considered a global conflict because
    1. it involved battles on every continent.
    2. it was fought in both European and Pacific theaters.
    3. the warring powers held colonies that participated in the war.
    4. it began in Europe, whose culture dominated the globe in the early twentieth century.
    5. it involved both Europe and the United States.
  2. Russia's role in twentieth-century global conflicts included all of the following EXCEPT
    1. an ethnic-based alliance with Serbia.
    2. providing opportunity for Germany to turn its attention to France.
    3. participation in the formation of the League of Nations.
    4. creating opportunities for postwar influence in Eastern Europe.
    5. participation in the war against Japan.
  3. Spain did not participate in World War II because
    1. its republican government feared a fascist coup.
    2. it was still recovering financially from World War I.
    3. it feared communist domination.
    4. it had just endured a civil war.
    5. it was angered over the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles.
  4. The Allied policy toward Hitler in the 1930s can best be described as one of
    1. confrontation.
    2. appeasement.
    3. containment.
    4. indifference.
    5. support.
  5. All of the following are true of communism after World War II EXCEPT that
    1. it produced a division in Korea.
    2. Eastern European countries were subjected to Soviet occupation.
    3. it spread to largely agricultural regions.
    4. it altered the territory of Poland.
    5. it created a pause in the civil war in China.
  6. In contrast to the period following World War I, that following World War II
    1. did not produce a single defining peace treaty.
    2. produced an international organization with fewer powers of enforcement.
    3. saw immediate independence for Europe's African colonies.
    4. disregarded the Soviet war effort.
    5. created new colonial possessions.
  7. The nation that rose in power during World War I but declined in power during World War II was
    1. Great Britain.
    2. Japan.
    3. Russia.
    4. the Ottoman Empire.
    5. Austria.
  8. The nation that saw a consistent rise in global influence during both world wars was
    1. Germany.
    2. Poland.
    3. China.
    4. France.
    5. the United States.

Answers and Explanations

  1. C—The European nations possessed Asian and African colonies that participated in the war in hopes of being granted independence. No World War I battles were fought in Australia or South America (A). World War II was fought in both European and Pacific theaters (B). European dominance alone did not give the war its global status (D), nor did the involvement of only Europe and the United States (E).
  2. C—Because of its early withdrawal from the war and its communist regime, Russia was not allowed to join the League of Nations. Russia's Pan-Slavic movement hoped to unite all Slavic peoples, including the Serbs (A). Russia's early withdrawal from the war allowed Germany to devote its full attention to the defeat of France and other Allies (B). As the Soviet Union pushed toward France and Germany in the final months of World War II, it moved through Eastern Europe, establishing its presence in that region (D). At the Yalta Conference, Stalin agreed to join the war against Japan (E).
  3. D—The Spanish Civil War occurred between 1936 and 1939. During World War II, Spain was already fascist (A). It had not participated in World War I (B, E). Its fascist government was firmly in power in 1939 (C).
  4. B—An example is the Munich Conference, which allowed Hitler to annex the Sudetenland in exchange for a pledge to refrain from taking additional territory. Containment (C) was the U.S. policy against communism.
  5. E—After World War II, the Chinese civil war, which had been put on hold, resumed. Korea was divided into north and south, with the north under communism (A). In the final months of the war, the Soviet Union occupied many European nations (B), most of them agricultural rather than industrial nations (C). The Soviet Union received part of eastern Poland, while Poland received part of eastern Germany in exchange (D).
  6. A—World War II peace arrangements were formulated through a series of conferences rather than through one major treaty such as the Treaty of Versailles. The United Nations was a more effective organization than the League of Nations (B). Europe's African colonies did not begin receiving independence until the 1950s (C). The Soviet Union was included in the Yalta and Potsdam conferences (D). No new colonial possessions were created after World War II (E).
  7. B—Japan rose in power, especially in East Asia, during World War I, but its empire ended after World War II. Great Britain (A) and Austria (E) declined in power as a result of both wars. Russia (C) declined in power during World War II, but emerged from World War II as a superpower. The Ottoman Empire ended after World War I (D).
  8. E—The United States emerged a major world power after World War I and a superpower after World War II. The power of European nations declined markedly during both wars (A, B, D). After World War II, China remained involved in a civil war (C).
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