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Word Roots Practice (page 2)

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Updated on Sep 8, 2011

Synonyms

The following exercise lists vocabulary words from this chapter. Each word is followed by five answer choices. Four of them are synonyms of the vocabulary word in bold. Your task is to choose the one that is NOT a synonym.

  1. benevolent
    1. compassionate
    2. caring
    3. malevolent
    4. kind
    5. generous
  2. recapitulate
    1. repeat
    2. summarize
    3. reiterate
    4. decimate
    5. review
  3. urbane
    1. sophisticated
    2. advanced
    3. complicated
    4. polished
    5. puerile
  4. conspicuous
    1. cryptic
    2. evident
    3. visible
    4. prominent
    5. noticeable
  5. incisive
    1. keen
    2. insightful
    3. unclear
    4. intuitive
    5. penetrating
  6. gregarious
    1. sociable
    2. companionable
    3. outgoing
    4. extroverted
    5. shy
  7. assimilate
    1. incorporate
    2. reject
    3. absorb
    4. digest
    5. understand
  8. impediment
    1. hindrance
    2. obstacle
    3. obstruction
    4. aid
    5. barrier
  9. inference
    1. deduction
    2. assumption
    3. obsolescence
    4. suggestion
    5. supposition
  10. evident
    1. obvious
    2. clear
    3. apparent
    4. foggy
    5. blatant

Antonyms

Choose the word from the vocabulary list that means the opposite, or most nearly the opposite, of the following groups of words.

  1. aid, assistance, support, backing
  2. bill, cost, charge
  3. central, vital, innermost, crucial
  4. nastiness, greed, selfishness, gluttony
  5. unsophisticated, simple, crude, unrefi ned
  6. disbelief, incredulity, doubt, mistrust
  7. agreement, consensus, accord, harmony
  8. mean, nasty, unkind, malevolent
  9. outstanding, exceptional, superior, first-rate
  10. unclear, murky, indistinct, doubtful

TIP

The thing about roots is that you probably know more than you think. Pay attention to words you already know and use, and notice how many roots you've already learned along the way.

Choosing the Right Word

Circle the word in bold that best completes the sentence.

  1. Because she was fearful of wide-open spaces, she was diagnosed as being (agoraphobic, gregarious).
  2. During the scavenger hunt, the easily seen clue was left under a (conspicuous, incisive) rock.
  3. The quickly dissolving fertilizer was (mediocre, biodegradable).
  4. (Benevolent, Urbane)Peace Corps volunteers selflessly devote their time to help others in need.
  5. In order to receive high marks, Olympic ice skaters' performances cannot be (conspicuous, mediocre).
  6. His blindness did not stop him from becoming a Grammy winner, nor was it an (impediment, precedent) to him becoming a singing sensation.
  7. In the Preamble of the Constitution, it clearly states, "We hold these truths to be self- (evident, benevolent), that all men are created equal."
  8. To sum up the important events, the producer had the narrator (attribute, recapitulate) those events at the movie's finale.
  9. It's always a good idea to send your (inference, remittance) to the phone company immediately after you receive your bill.
  10. Because of their clarity and logic, no one questioned the (incisive, mediocre) orders of the captain.

Practice Activities

The following is a list of words that contain the same roots as the words in this chapter. See if you can determine the words' meanings. Check your definitions with the dictionary definitions.

xenophobia, facsimile, contribution, beneficiary, bionic, introspection, dictate, credulous, video, egregious, pedestrian, precise, interfere, media, bibliophile, intercede, commission, contiguous, suburban

Select any five words from the list and create your own sentences.

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