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School Days Educational Terms Study Guide

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Updated on Jul 15, 2011

Practice exercises for this study guide can be found at:

School Days Educational Terms Practice Exercises

You'd think that after years in school, with the potential of even more spent in college, you'd already know all the educational terms out there, but some words in today's lesson may surprise you. After all, you know education from a student's point of view, and many of these words are ones that teachers use. Some terms are the kind that professional testing companies use when developing state and national tests for you to take. Since you're the one who has to pass these tests, it can be quite helpful to at least understand the terminology that's used in developing them.

So, whether you're in school or out, this lesson will help you look at education from the opposite side of the classroom. Enjoy.

DEFINITIONS

  • accommodations   changes in the way tests are designed or administered to respond to the special needs of students with disabilities and English-language learners
  • accountability   the idea that students, teachers, schools, or state departments of education should be held responsible for improving student achievement and should be rewarded for their success or penalized for the lack of it
  • alignment   the degree to which assessments (exams/tests), curriculum, instruction, textbooks, and other instructional materials; teacher preparation and professional development; and systems of accountability all reflect and reinforce the educational program's objectives and standards
  • assessment   process of identifying strengths and needs to assist in educational planning, including observation, record review, interviews, and tests
  • benchmarks   a detailed description of a specific level of student achievement expected at a given age, grade level, or developmental age; academic goals set for each grade level
  • bilingual   having the ability to speak two languages fluently; in education, it describes a program for students whose first language is not English
  • curriculum   the courses of study offered by a school or district
  • discrepancy   the difference between two tests, such as between measures of a child's intellectual ability and academic achievement
  • enrichment   additional course outside those required for graduation
  • immersion   in the education world, a program that teaches children to speak, read, and write in a second language by surrounding them with conversation and instruction in that language
  • inclusion   the practice of placing students with disabilities in regular classrooms, also referred to as mainstreaming
  • intervention   programs for students who aren't learning at grade level to help them move up; may be taught during the regular class time or in before- or after-school programs
  • manipulative   describes three-dimensional teaching aids that teachers use to help students with math concepts, such as counting beads, blocks, shapes, and rulers
  • modification   changes in the delivery, content, or instructional level of a subject or test to create a different standard for students with disabilities or Englishlanguage learners
  • proficiency   the mastery or ability to do something at grade level
  • retention   the practice of having a student repeat a grade level in school
  • rubric   a grading or scoring system that describes levels of quality for each criteria
  • tenure   a system of due process and employment guarantee for teachers
  • tracking   a common instructional practice of organizing students in groups based on their academic skills
  • transition   process of preparing kids to function in future environments and emphasizing movement from one educational program to another

Practice exercises for this study guide can be found at:

School Days Educational Terms Practice Exercises

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