Writing Lanugage and Style Practice Exercises (page 2)
Read the following study guide for a concept review:
Read each passage actively and carefully. Then answer the questions that follow.
If you come across unfamiliar words as you read these passages, do not look them up until after you've answered the questions.
The passage that follows is an advertisement for Mercury Shoes.
Help your feet take flight! Mercury Shoes promises you high quality and can save you from the aches and pains that runners often suffer.
Running magazine has awarded Mercury Shoes its "High Quality" rating for our breakthrough in shoe technology! By studying the feet of track and field champions and ultra-marathoners, we have developed a revolutionary sole construction that offers complete support for dedicated runners. Our unique combination of gel and air cushioning provides greater stability and incredible comfort.
Three types of Mercury Shoes are now available:
Cheetahs: A racing shoe that combines light weight with real support.
Mountain Goats: A superior trail-running shoe with great traction and stability even on muddy or slick trails.
Gray Wolves: A shoe that gives maximum support in order to minimize common injuries caused by mile after mile of training runs on hard pavement.
Read the following questions. Circle the letter of the answer you think is correct.
- The ad uses which point of view to refer to its readers?
- first person
- second person
- third person
- none of the above
- The shoe names Cheetahs, Mountain Goats, and Gray Wolves reflect
- the personality of the shoe designer.
- the personality of the runner.
- the kind of running the shoe is designed for.
- the company's mascots.
- Which of the following best describes the style of this passage?
- long sentences, lots of descriptive words
- lots of short, choppy, "bossy" sentences
- lots of similes and metaphors to create images
- slangy, informal words
- Which of the following is presented as a fact in the ad?
- Mercury Shoes can save you from the aches and pains that runners often suffer.
- Running magazine has awarded Mercury Shoes its "High Quality" rating.
- Mercury Shoes has developed a revolutionary sole construction.
- Mountain Goats are superior trail-running shoes.
This is the first stanza of a poem by Percy Shelley. The lines are numbered to help you answer the questions.
- I bring fresh showers for the thirsting flowers,
- From the seas and the streams;
- I bear light shade for the leaves when laid
- In their noonday dreams.
- From my wings are shaken the dews that waken
- The sweet buds every one,
- When rocked to rest on their mother's breast,
- As she dances about the sun.
- I wield the flail of the lashing hail,
- And whiten the green plains under,
- And then again I dissolve it in rain,
- And laugh as I pass in thunder.
- What literary device is used to describe the cloud in this poem?
- In the implied metaphor in line 7, what is being compared to a mother?
- the sky
- the earth
- a flower
- a storm
- Which word best describes the tone of this stanza?
You might recognize the first paragraph in the short story that follows.
A Day at the Nature Center
Emma stared sadly out the window of the bus. Only 50 miles outside town was the farm. She thought about the farm all the time, remembering the breathtaking view from her bedroom window, the creaky wooden floors of the old farmhouse, and especially the animals.
When Emma's parents sold their hundred-acre farm and moved to the nearby town of Carrville, Emma had been enthusiastic. But when she got to the new school, she felt overwhelmingly shy around so many strangers.
With a sigh, Emma turned her attention back to the present. The bus came to a stop, and Emma climbed off with the rest of her Earth Studies classmates. "Welcome to the Leinweber Nature Center," her teacher, Mrs. Bowes, announced. "In a few minutes, a guide will give us a presentation about the area's native animals and habitat. After the presentation, you'll have a worksheet to complete while you explore the rest of the center. Now, I want everyone to find a partner."
Emma looked around apprehensively as her classmates began to pair up. She didn't have any friends yet—who would be her partner? Emma hesitated for a moment and then approached Julia, a talkative and outgoing girl who sat near her in class. "Could I be your partner?" Emma asked tentatively.
"Sure," said Julia warmly. "Let's go get the worksheet from Mrs. Bowes."
Together, the girls walked into the Leinweber Nature Center. They listened to the guide talk about how the workers at the center cared for injured and orphaned animals and how the center tried to re-create the animals' natural habitats as much as possible. Emma listened intently. She thought it would be wonderful to have a job that involved nurturing and caring for animals all day.
After the presentation, the girls examined their worksheets. "Let's see," said Julia. "One of the things we're supposed to do is locate the rodent area and assist with feeding the baby squirrels. How big is a baby squirrel? Do you think we actually have to hold one? Maybe you should let me feed it while you watch." Julia was so excited that she fired off one question after another and didn't wait for a response from Emma.
Emma and Julia walked into the rodent area and stood there, looking around at all the rats, mice, chipmunks, and squirrels. "Hi, there!" boomed an enthusiastic voice from behind them. "I'm Josh Headly, the keeper in charge of rodents. Did you come to see the squirrels?"
"Yes," said Emma, turning around with an eager smile on her face. "Do we actually get to feed the babies?"
"You sure do. Here—let me demonstrate the feeding procedure for you."
Josh showed them how to wrap a baby squirrel in a towel and hold the bottle of warm milk. Emma settled back into a chair, enjoying the warmth of the tiny ball of fur nestled in her hand. She flashed a smile over at Julia, but Julia, who was suddenly silent, was focusing on her own baby squirrel.
After the babies had finished eating, Josh asked, "Would you like to help feed the adult squirrels, too?"
Emma was quick to volunteer, but when Josh opened the first cage, the squirrel inside leaped out. Julia shrieked and tried to jump out of the way. Emma maintained her composure, bent down, held out her hand, and made quiet, soothing sounds. The runaway squirrel cocked its head to one side and seemed to listen to her. Quickly, while the squirrel was distracted by Emma, Josh reached over and scooped it up.
He smiled appreciatively. "Good job, Emma! It's not easy to remain calm when a wild animal gets out of its cage. I'm impressed!"
"Wow!" Julia chimed in. "You're always so quiet. I thought you were shy and scared of everything, but you're braver than I am if you can get close to a wild animal, even if it is just a squirrel."
"I'm only shy around people, not animals. And I used to live on a farm, so I know that when animals are scared or excited, you have to stay calm—even when you don't feel calm—if you want to help them."
Josh nodded in agreement. "You know," he began, "we've been taking applications for part-time volunteers to help out with the animals. Would you be interested in interviewing for a volunteer position here at the center?"
"Interested? I would love to work here! What an opportunity! Where are the application forms? When could I start?" Now it was Emma who was so excited she couldn't wait for a response.
That afternoon, in the bus on the way back to school, Emma sat next to Julia. A rush of newfound contentedness washed over her. Not only had she found a place full of animals to help take care of, but she had also made a new friend.
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