Writing Lanugage and Style Practice Exercises (page 4)

Updated on Aug 25, 2011

Exercise 3

  1. c Julia "sat near [Emma] in class," and they pair up to complete an assignment for their Earth Studies teacher, Mrs. Bowes (paragraphs 3 and 4). Choice a is incorrect because we are told from the beginning (paragraph 2) that Emma is new to the school and "overwhelmingly shy." Later in the story, we know that the adult squirrel frightens Julia, so choice b is incorrect. And in paragraph 2, we learn that Emma moved from the farm, so neither girl lives on a farm outside Carrville (choice d).
  2. b Emma feels anxious and uncertain. The word choice in paragraph 4 provides the clues. Emma "looked around apprehensively." Apprehensive means feeling anxious or fearful. She also hesitates before she approaches Julia, which reflects her uncertainty. And she asks Julia tentatively, which means hesitantly. Even if you don't know what apprehensively and tentatively mean, you can assume that Emma would be anxious and uncertain because we are told she "felt overwhelmingly shy around so many strangers" when she arrived at her new school. Thus, she can't feel choice c, enthusiastic and joyful. There's no evidence in the word choice or in Emma's personality that she'd feel choice a, angry and disappointed or choice d, jealous and hurt. These emotions would more likely come up if she'd been left out and couldn't find a partner.
  3. d Emma's shyness suggests that she wouldn't approach Julia forcefully (choice c) or eagerly (choice b). Another clue is that she hesitates before she asks. She also looks around "apprehensively," which suggests she will proceed cautiously, not carelessly (choice a).
  4. a Julia is described in paragraph 4 as "a talkative and outgoing girl," which suggests that she is someone who makes friends easily. She also responds to Emma "warmly." We know from her reaction to the adult squirrel that she does not know a lot about animals, so choice c is incorrect. She also treats Emma well, so choice d is incorrect. There is no evidence in the passage that Julia is a poor student, so choice b is also incorrect.
  5. b The story is told in chronological order. First, they listen to a guide (#2), then Josh introduces himself (#4) and shows them how to feed the squirrels (#3). The last event in the story is their ride home on the bus (#1).
  6. a Julia is very impressed with Emma's composure. A big clue to this tone is the word "Wow!" Julia also says that Emma must be "braver than I am," which again shows her respect for Emma.
  7. a Emma asks three questions and makes two statements, both with exclamation marks. All her questions and statements are short and seem to tumble one on top of the other, as if Emma is too excited (like Julia earlier in the story) to wait for a response.
  8. c Emma has a new friend at the end of the story, but that doesn't mean she is no longer shy (choice a). Josh uses the word "volunteer" twice, so we know she won't be paid for her work (choice b). Finally, while it's clear that Josh respects Emma's composure and experience with animals, there's no evidence that he has a crush on her (choice d).
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