Writing Lanugage and Style Study Guide

Updated on Aug 25, 2011

Practice exercises for this study guide can be found at:

Writing Lanugage and Style Practice Exercises


This lesson reviews point of view, word choice, style, and literary devices to understand what you read.

You've learned a lot about how writers use language to create meaning. Now you can add this to what you already know about how to be a good reader. But first, let's review the last four lessons.

What You've Learned

Here's a quick review of each lesson about language and style:

Point of View. You learned that writers choose a specific point of view to express their ideas. They can use the first-person (I, we), second-person (you), or third-person (he, she, it) point of view. The first-person point of view creates closeness between the reader and writer and is a very subjective point of view. It directly expresses the feelings and ideas of the writer or narrator. The second-person point of view puts readers into the action and makes them feel involved. The third-person point of view is the most objective because the writer or narrator is not involved in the action. This point of view creates distance between the reader and writer.

Word Choice. You learned to look carefully at the words writers use. Each word has a specific connotation, so different words will have a different impact even if their denotation is nearly the same. You learned to look closely at diction and draw conclusions based on your observations.

Style. You learned that style consists of four main elements: sentence structure, level of description and detail, level of formality, and tone. Looking carefully at style can help you draw conclusions about the relationship between the writer and reader. Style can also reveal the writer's purpose and help you see and feel what the writer is describing.

Literary Devices. You learned that writers can use a variety of literary or poetic devices to heighten the effects of language. Authors can make comparisons with similes or metaphors, and you learned how to find implied metaphors. Alliteration creates a pleasing sound, and personification paints an interesting picture. Irony can appear in a sentence or a situation, so pay close attention to double meanings.

If any of these terms or strategies are unfamiliar, STOP. Take some time to review the term or strategy that is unclear.

Practice exercises for this study guide can be found at:

Writing Lanugage and Style Practice Exercises

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