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Sentence Structure and Grammar Practice Exercises

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Updated on Sep 30, 2011

Review the lesson for Sentence Structure: Grammar Study Guide

Sentence Structure and Grammar Practice Exercises

Practice 1: Identifying Sentence Structure

For each sentence, identify its structure type. Underline independent clauses once. If there are dependent clauses in the sentences, underline them twice.

  1. Friendly dogs usually prance around in an attempt to express their glee, and they also often bark a lot.
  2. My dog, who is shy and easily frightened, barks most often when she meets strangers.
  3. Scaredy-cat dogs are often the loudest barkers.
  4. Because scaredy-cat dogs are sometimes fearful, they can be difficult to train.
  5. Having a happy, well-behaved dog is one of life's great pleasures.

Practice 2: Identifying Sentence Fragments

Read the following sentences aloud and see how they sound. Which ones are complete sentences and which ones are sentence fragments?

Because I am trying to improve.

Using big words to impress the reader.

Talking is not so different from writing.

Writing can be difficult.

Practice 3: Identifying Run-On Sentences

Read the following sentences aloud and see how they sound. Which ones are correct sentences and which ones are run-ons?

  1. Computers are very popular gifts for birthdays and holidays most kids love getting them.
  2. It would be difficult to find a boy or a girl who wouldn't love to get a computer as a gift.
  3. Janey wanted to find a bargain she finally found one on the sale rack.
  4. If you do a lot of careful shopping, both in local stores and on the Internet, you can usually find a bargain.
  5. Holiday shopping is the time when bargains are easy to find Janey found this to be true.

Were you able to find the run-ons? They are sentences 1, 3, and 5. Sentences 2 and 4 are correct grammatical sentences. Can you now fix the three run-ons and make them into correct sentences? (The answer key at the end of the lesson offers suggestions on how to correct these sentences.)

Answers

Practice 1: Identifying Sentence Structure

1. Friendly dogs usually prance around in an attempt to express their glee, and they also often bark a lot.

2. My dog, , barks most often when she meets strangers.

3. Scaredy-cat dogs are often the loudest barkers.

4. , they can be difficult to train.

5. Having a happy, well-behaved dog is one of life's great pleasures.

Practice 2: Identifying Sentence Fragments

The first two are sentence fragments (Becauase I am trying to improve. & Using big words to impress the readers.) While both of these fragments contain nouns and verbs, neither of them contains a completed idea or action. If you are still confused, try reading them aloud again. Listen for how your voice dangles; that's the tip-off that these clauses have not completed an idea, and therefore, they do not constitute a complete grammatical sentence.

Practice 3: Identifying Run-On Sentences

1. Computers are very popular gifts for birthdays and holidays. Most kids love getting them.

3. Janey wanted to find a bargain, and she finally found one on the sale rack.

5. Holiday shopping is the time when bargains are easy to find, and Janey found this to be true.

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