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Reading Short Passages and Inference Practice (page 2)

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Updated on Aug 10, 2011

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  1. a.   Choice d may seem attractive at first, but the passage simply says that the local media does not adequately cover local politics—it doesn't discuss the reason for their neglect.
  2. c.   Sentence 3 indicates the importance of organization and design. The other choices, even if true, are not in the passage.
  3. b.   Both sentences in this passage support the idea that the emphasis on the low-carb/low-fat debate is misleading and might distract us from other important ideas. The other choices are not supported by or developed in this passage.
  4. b.   The other choices are wrong because the passage is not concerned with how sanitation workers should deal with sharp objects but with how everyone should dispose of sharp objects in order to avoid hurting sanitation workers.
  5. d.   See the second sentence of the passage. Choices a and b are not in the passage. Choice c might seem attractive, but the passage does not say that mediation is the best way to resolve a conflict, simply that it is an alternative way that might prove effective.
  6. c.   See the final sentence of the passage. The other choices might be true but are not in the passage.
  7. a.   The second sentence speaks of the greater productivity of telecommuters. The other choices may seem attractive on the surface because they contain words and phrases from the passage, but a closer look will show them to be incorrect or absent from the passage.
  8. d.   The first sentence indicates that sushi was once available only in a handful of eating establishments.
  9. c.   Choice b may seem attractive at first, but the passage doesn't offer the opinion that the purpose of the shopping mall is important, it simply tells us what the purposes are.
  10. d.   The second paragraph states that an animal prepares for hibernation by increasing its body weight and fat. The reader can infer from this that the animal eats more food than usual.
  11. c.   The passage states that hibernation is "more than simply a deep sleep," then lists several ways that hibernation differs from sleep. The other choices are not addressed in the passage.
  12. c.   Patrick Henry's famous words, "Give me liberty or give me death," indicate that he was willing to fight for his nation's freedom—even if it cost him his life. The other choices are not addressed in the passage.
  13. b.   The passage is about Patrick Henry, and focuses on his patriotic activities. No other patriot is mentioned, nor is information given about his other speeches or about the Virginia legislature.
  14. b.   See the second and third sentences for the steps in making ratatouille. Only choice b reflects the correct order.
  15. d.   The main part of the passage describes how to cook vegetables. Only choice d indicates that vegetables are included in the dish. The other choices are not reflected in the passage.
  16. d.   See the final sentence of the passage.
  17. c.   See the second sentence, which defines ksa. The other choices are refuted in the passage.
  18. d.   This answer is implied by the statement that redistribution is needed so that people in emerging nations can have proper medical care. Choices a, b, and c are not mentioned in the passage.
  19. c.   This choice is the best answer because the paragraph indicates that the new knitters are of varying ages and are not just women. Choices a and b may be true, but they are not supported by the paragraph. Choice d is a prediction that is not made in the paragraph.
  20. d.   The paragraph specifically states that age makes a person less able to respond to long exposure to very hot or very cold temperatures. This would mean that older people are more susceptible to hypothermia. Choices a, b, and c are not supported by the information given in the paragraph.
  21. c.   The third sentence is the main idea. It is a general idea that answers the only question posed in the passage. The other choices are not in the passage.
  22. d.   The passage states that health clubs have undergone a major transformation due to people's interest in taking care of their minds, bodies, and spirits. Choice a is incorrect because the paragraph doesn't say exercise is less important. It simply says the focus and type of exercise have changed. Choices b and c are not supported by the paragraph.
  23. c.   This choice is closely related to all three sentences of the passage. Choice a is contradicted in the passage. Choices b and d are not in the passage.
  24. a.   The entire passage relates to this idea. The other ideas are not reflected in the passage.
  25. a.   This is the main idea of the passage because all the sentences relate to it. The other choices may be true but are not reflected in the passage.
  26. c.   This idea is expressed in the final sentence and wraps up the passage, speaking of the importance of creating a balance. The other choices are not in the passage.
  27. c.   The support for choice c is given in the second sentence. No support is given for choices a and d. Choice b is incorrect because the paragraph states that women business owners face unique obstacles, but it does not say that they absolutely require outside help to succeed, just that it is available.
  28. d.   This choice encompasses the main information in the passage. Choices a, b, and c are not mentioned.
  29. a.   The title should express the main idea of the passage. The passage, as a whole, focuses on appropriate and inappropriate uses of e-mail. The other choices address more specific ideas expressed in the passage but are not its main idea.
  30. c.   The first and second sentences reflect this idea. The passage does not say that Native American art is dreamlike (choice a). Choices b and d are too limited to be main ideas.
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