Social Changes Review Questions for AP World History
The study guide for these review questions can be found at:
- By the twenty-first century, almost all women across the globe
- were freed from traditional homemaking roles.
- were allowed to serve in combat in the armed forces.
- were granted educational opportunities equal to men.
- were given career opportunities equal to men.
- had been granted the right to vote.
- In the twentieth century, a blend of African and Western cultures could be found most readily in
- What did the Soviet Union, Japan, the United States, and Western Europe have in common in the twentieth century?
- A program of social security for the aged.
- Free elections.
- An emphasis on the production of consumer goods.
- An appreciation for Western styles in art.
- The adoption of U.S. sports.
- Which of the following is true concerning the status of religion in the twentieth century?
- European church membership declined significantly.
- Catholicism gained a stronger hold in Latin America.
- The United States encouraged the Japanese to maintain the traditional status of Shintoism.
- Hindu traditions were abolished in India.
- The Soviet Union presented religion as truth.
- Which of the following is true regarding the role of women in Communist China?
- Military service was limited to support roles.
- They were discouraged from working outside the home.
- Restrictive Confucian tradition was outlawed.
- They had fewer rights than under the Guomindang.
- Women who worked outside the home were exempt from traditional household roles.
Answers and Explanations
- E—The twentieth century ended with woman suffrage granted in almost all nations. Most societies still expected women to maintain their traditional roles (A). Although educational and career opportunities for women increased (C, D), they were generally not as broad as those for men. Most nations did not allow women in combat, with China and the Soviet Union notable exceptions (B).
- C—Picasso's cubist paintings often featured African themes combined with the geometric designs of the modern cubist style.
- A—All have social security programs for the elderly, whereas the Soviet Union did not have free elections (B), an emphasis on consumer goods (C), an appreciation for Western art styles (D), or a desire to adopt U.S. sports (E).
- A—After World War II, European church membership declined significantly. Protestantism made substantial inroads into Latin American religion (B), whereas the U.S. occupation ended the status of Shintoism as a state religion (C). Although the Hindu caste system was legally ended, many Indians continue its traditions (D). The Soviet Union presented religion as a myth (E).
- C—Footbinding, a Confucian tradition, was outlawed. Chinese women were allowed to serve in combat (A). Women were encouraged to work outside the home, but were still expected to fulfill their traditional home obligations (B, E). Women had more rights under communism than under the Guomindang (D).
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