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Common Spelling Rules, Prefixes, and Suffixes: Grammar Review Practice Exercises (page 2)

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Updated on Aug 25, 2011

Practice Exercise: Words Ending in -Y

Identify the word in each group that is spelled correctly. Then, check your answers at the end of the chapter.

  1. beauty     →     beautyful     beautiful     beautuful
  2. fancy       →     fanciful        fanceful      fancyful
  3. duty        →     dutiful          duteful       dutyful
  4. fuzzy       →     fuzzyness     fuzzieness   fuzziness
  5. lazy         →     laziness        lazyness     lazieness

Practice Exercise: -tion, -cian, or -sion

Choose the correct ending for the following words. Then, check your answers at the end of the chapter.

  1. confuse      →     confu_____ (-sion, -cian, -tion)
  2. opposite     →     opposi _____(-sion, -cian, -tion)
  3. confess       →     confes_____(-sion, -cian, -tion)
  4. elect           →     elec_____(-sion, -cian, -tion)
  5. magic         →     magi_____(-sion, -cian, -tion)
  6. describe     →     descrip_____(-sion, -cian, -tion)
  7. collide        →     colli_____(-sion, -cian, -tion)
  8. extend        →     enten_____(-sion, -cian, -tion)
  9. explode      →     explo_____(-sion, -cian, -tion)
  10. beauty        →     beauti_____(-sion, -cian, -tion)

Practice Exercise: The Letter Q

Use the clues to help you choose the correct q word from the word bank to place in the blank. The letter q may be found at the beginning, middle, or end of the words. Then, check your answers at the end of the chapter.

  1. a bunch of flowers _____
  2. a dilemma _____
  3. a large spread of food _____
  4. the continuation of a story _____
  5. a query _____
  6. to shake _____
  7. to overtake by force _____
  8. not transparent or see-through _____
  9. fast _____
  10. reward of recognition _____
  11. often _____
  12. a small game bird _____

Answers

Reminder: Write i before e except after c or when sounding like a as in neighbor and weigh (with a few exceptions).

  1. relief
  2. deceive
  3. chief
  4. weird
  5. shield
  6. vein
  7. sieve
  8. freight
  9. eight
  10. foreign
  11. yield
  12. niece

Reminder: (1) When a one-syllable word ends with a consonant that is preceded by a vowel, double the final consonant before adding a suffix that begins with a vowel; (2) when a multisyllable word ends with a consonant that is preceded by a vowel, and ends with a stressed syllable, double the final consonant before adding a suffix that begins with a vowel; (3) when a prefix or suffix is being added to a word that begins or ends with the same letter, include both letters in the new word.

  1. steal           →         stealing
  2. shop         →         shopped
  3. tax             →         taxing
  4. step           →         stepping
  5. compel     →         compelling
  6. portray     →         portrayed
  7. draw         →         drawing
  8. need         →         needed
  9. perplex     →         perplexing
  10. keep         →         keeping

Reminder: (1) When a word ends with a silent e, the e is dropped before adding the suffix that begins with a vowel; and (2) when a suffix is being added that begins with a consonant, leave the e at the end of the word.

  1. compete     →        competing
  2. hope          →         hopeful
  3. pale           →         paling
  4. state          →         stated
  5. compile     →         compiling
  6. like            →         likely
  7. manage      →         management
  8. take           →         taken
  9. amaze        →         amazing
  10. arrive         →         arrived

Reminder: (1) When -y is the final letter, change the -y to -i before adding the suffix.

  1. beauty       →         beautiful
  2. fancy         →         fanciful
  3. duty           →        dutiful
  4. fuzzy          →        fuzziness
  5. lazy            →        laziness

Reminder: (1) Words with the -cian suffix involve people and their careers or hobbies; (2) when the root word ends in -s or -d, the suffix -sion is used to make the noun form of verbs; and (3) if the root word ends in -t or -te, then -tion is used to make the noun form of the verb.

  1. confuse       →       confusion
  2. oppose       →       opposition
  3. confess       →       confession
  4. elect           →       election
  5. magic         →       magician
  6. describe     →       description
  7. collide        →       collision
  8. extend       →        extension
  9. explode     →        explosion
  10. beauty       →        beautician

Reminder: In English, the letter q must be followed by a u.

  1. bouquet
  2. quagmire
  3. banquet
  4. sequel
  5. question
  6. quake
  7. conquer
  8. opaque
  9. quick
  10. plaque
  11. frequently
  12. quail
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