Subjects, Predicates, and Objects Help
Introduction to Subjects, Predicates, and Objects
When we write, we express our ideas in sentences. But what is a sentence, anyway?
Subjects and Predicates
The sentence is our basic unit of written expression. It consists of two essential parts—a subject and a predicate—and it must express a complete thought. The subject of a sentence tells us who or what the sentence is about—who or what is performing the action of the sentence. The predicate tells us something about the subject—what the subject is or does. Thus, in the following sentence:
The phone is ringing.
The word phone is the subject. It tells us what the sentence is about—who or what performs the action of the sentence. The verb phrase is ringing is the predicate. It tells us the action performed by (or information about) the subject.
Singular and Compound Subjects
The subject of a sentence can be singular or compound (plural):
I slept all day. Kendrick and I worked all night.
singular subject compound subject (two subjects performing the action)
The predicate can also be singular or compound:
I bought a present. I bought a present and wrapped it beautifully.
singular predicate compound predicate (two actions performed by the subject)
In many sentences, someone or something "receives" the action expressed in the predicate. This person or thing is called the direct object. In the following sentences, the subject and predicate are separated by a slash (/) and the direct object is underlined:
- I / bought a present. (The present receives the action of being bought.)
- Jane / loves ice cream. (Ice cream receives the action of being loved by Jane.)
Sentences can also have an indirect object: a person or thing who "receives" the direct object. In the following sentences, the direct object is underlined and the indirect object is in bold:
- I / gave Sunil a present. (Sunil receives the present; the present receives the action of being given.)
- The reporter / asked the president a question. (The president receives the question; the question receives the action of being asked.)
Today on Education.com
- Coats and Car Seats: A Lethal Combination?
- Kindergarten Sight Words List
- Signs Your Child Might Have Asperger's Syndrome
- Child Development Theories
- 10 Fun Activities for Children with Autism
- Social Cognitive Theory
- Why is Play Important? Social and Emotional Development, Physical Development, Creative Development
- GED Math Practice Test 1
- Problems With Standardized Testing
- The Homework Debate