Spelling and Suffix Practice (page 2)
Read the following study guide for a concept review: Spelling and Suffix Help
Spelling and Suffix Practice
Words in Context
The following exercise will help you figure out the meaning of some words from the vocabulary list by reading context clues. After you have read and understood the paragraph, explain the context clues that helped you with the meaning of the vocabulary word. Refer to the answer section at the end of this chapter for an explanation of the clues.
The latest remake of Planet of the Apes develops the theme of bigotry in a world where apes are the dominant culture and humans are enslaved. Parity between the two species is unthinkable because the simians regard humans as inferior creatures. Leo, the central character, is the story's protagonist. He is a human astronaut who lands on a strange planet where apes venerate their own kind by offering praise and promotions for negative actions taken against humans. Leo's antagonist, General Thade, is the leader of the apes in this bizarre culture, and encourages the mistreatment of humans by apes. In General Thade's opinion, extermination of the humans is a laudable cause, and he mounts a full-scale campaign to exterminate humans from the planet.
Insert the word from the vocabulary list that best completes the sentences.
- Pulitzer Prize–winning novelist Eudora Welty was _____ in her obituary.
- You would never accuse Mark of _____; he's the most open-minded person I know.
- It took several months to _____ the merger, but after tough negotiation, the two companies became one.
- The young boy's removal from the Little League game was due to his _____ behavior of throwing the bat when he was angry.
- Rainforests are known for their _____ amounts of rainfalls, which supply the fauna with many nutrients.
- During WWII, Native Americans worked to develop a(n) _____ code that could not be deciphered by the enemy.
- Because of the family's _____ search, they were quickly reunited with their lost dog.
- My little brother is the _____ in the family; he constantly provokes fights with my sister and me.
- Sally wore sunscreen at the beach to _____ her chances of getting a sunburn.
- Due to the _____ of the budget director's financial policies, the economy grew stronger.
- In order to _____ the wrongdoing of the internment of innocent Japanese Americans during WWII, the U.S. government has agreed to pay reparations to victims.
- A(n) _____ in certain strains of powerful bacteria has turned them into drug-resistant menaces.
- The actions of a few skittish animals _____ the majority of horses to stampede.
- Union officials continuously fight for _____ in pay and working conditions.
- The horse and buggy reached its _____ in the early 1900s with the production of the automobile.
- In order to entice the consumer, companies will offer a short-term _____ on payments for buying merchandise.
- I loved studying _____ because I enjoyed looking at interesting rocks and how they came to be on Earth.
- The young teen's heroic effort to save the family from the sinking car was _____.
- The spy's disguise and _____ actions were undetected by foreign government officials.
- The haying season is my favorite part of _____ life.
The following exercise lists vocabulary words from this chapter. Each word is followed by five answer choices. Four of them are synonyms of the vocabulary word in bold. Your task is choose the one that is NOT a synonym.
Sometimes associating a word with a synonym can help you remember its meaning.
Choose the word from the vocabulary list that means the opposite, or most nearly the opposite, of the following groups of words.
- curtail, shorten, curb, limit
- tolerance, broadmindedness, open-mindedness, acceptance
- impracticality, uselessness, fruitlessness, pointlessness
- clear, obvious, apparent, straightforward
- scarce, limited, inadequate, scant
- protagonist, leader, hero, supporter
- inequality, inequity, discrimination, disparity
- urban, city, metropolitan, cosmopolitan
- despise, loathe, scorn, hate
- magnify, intensify, enhance, overplay
Choosing the Right Word
Circle the word in bold that best completes the sentence.
- Since I grew up on a ranch in Montana, I appreciate the constant struggle of the (antagonist, agrarian) lifestyle.
- She filled an entire notebook with the (copious, laudable) notes that she took during the class.
- The car salesman wanted to (consummate, rectify) the car deal before the customers changed their minds.
- Her (cryptic, puerile) behavior made her seem childish and immature.
- The automotive industry builds a certain amount of (pragmatism, obsolescence) into cars so that they will need to be replaced in a few years.
- Language interpreters can even decipher (provocative, cryptic) phrases that most people wouldn't understand.
- In order to eliminate (bigotry, geology) many schools have included programs to reduce hatred of others and increase tolerance.
- The Coast Guard's (relentless, furtive) search for any survivors of the airplane crash lasted three weeks.
- In some cultures, people (minimize, venerate) their elders by seeking their wisdom.
- Scientists can monitor the (mutation, deferment) of certain bacteria by watching them change form over time.
List all the words in this chapter and try changing the part of speech of each word by changing its suffix. For instance, change deferment to deferred or defer. Be sure to check the definition of the altered word.
- Example: Venerate changed to veneration means a feeling of deep respect.
Find words in the newspaper that have the same suffixes as the words in this unit. Write them next to the chapter words and take a guess at their meanings. Check your definition with a dictionary definition.
For example, one of the suffixes in the vocabulary list is -tion, which means state of or action of. You might find in the newspaper the word evolution, meaning the act of changing over a period of time.
Choose the word from the vocabulary list that best fits into the crossword puzzle. You will use 17 of the words from the vocabulary list to solve the puzzle. You can check your answers at the end of the chapter following the answers to the questions.
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