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Summarizing Text Practice Exercises (page 3)

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Updated on Sep 29, 2011

Practice 3: Foods Around the World 

Read the selection, and then answer the questions that follow.

(1) Why do people in different places eat different foods? One reason is that humans store energy as starch or fat. People eat local plants that provide starch and fat, but not all plants grow everywhere!
(2) Europe and the Middle East For thousands of years, people have used wheat, a wild grass, as their main starch. In the Mediterranean, people use olive oil to provide fat. In the north, few plants produce oils, so people use animal fat.
(3) Asia Rice, a wild grass, is the main starch of Southeast Asia. In northern Asia, it's too cold to grow rice, so people use wheat. The Chinese cook with soybean or peanut oils. In India, people use butter or sesame seed oil.
(4) The Americas Potatoes are the main starch in Peru and other places. Corn, or maize, was once the main starch in North America. It still is in Mexico.
(5) The Tropics Wheat, rice, corn, and potatoes are hard to grow in the tropics. So many people use a starchy tuber called a yucca, manioc, or cassava. Palm and coconut oil are also popular forms of fat in tropical regions.
10. Which is the best one-sentence summary of the section about Europe?
a. Most people eat yucca and get fats from corn oil.
b. Most people use rice to make bread and get fats from olives.
c. Most people use wheat to make bread and get fats from olive oil.
d. Most people use corn to make bread and get fats from yucca oil.
11. Which is the best summary of the whole article?
a. Local plants supply starch and fat for humans. So people in different regions eat different foods, depending on what grows in their area.
b. Corn grows only in some places. People who can't get corn eat olives to get starch.
c. Local plants supply sugars for humans. So, people in all regions eat sweet food that can be grown all over the world.
d. Rice grows almost anywhere. People who can't get rice can get fats from wheat.

Answers

1. a
2. b
3. d
4. c
5. Sample summary: Della sells her beautiful long hair to buy a chain for her husband Jim's gold watch and he sells the watch to buy combs for her hair. Each gives up something special for the one they love.
6. b
7. d
8. a
9. Sample summary: Floods o the Nile in ancient Egypt made farmland fertile with sediment carried by the water. Today a dam stops the flooding, but modern fertilizers pollute the river and the water is home to disease carrying snails.
10. c
11. a
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