Synonyms and Antonyms Practice Exercises (page 2)
Review the lesson for Synonyms and Antonyms Study Guide
Synonyms and Antonyms Practice Exercises
Practice 1: Pebble Pottage
Based on a European Folktale
Read the selection, and then answer the questions that follow.
(1) One day, a vagrant knocked on a farmhouse door. The farmer's wife peered out at the weary drifter. "I can't let you in," she said, "for my husband is not at home. And besides, I have no sustenance to offer because my husband is bringing groceries back from town."
(2) "Then, Madam, you can share some of my pebble potage!" the man replied, and he pulled from his pocket what looked like an ordinary stone.
(3) "Pebble pottage?" asked the woman, suddenly interested in the ragged man.
(4) "Oh, yes, it is delicious," he said with a smile. "If I had a pot of water and a fire, I could demonstrate how this stone can magically make the best soup you've ever tasted!"
(5) The woman was curious, so she opened the door and the wayfarer came inside. Soon a pot of water was boiling away. He dropped in the stone, then tasted the watery broth. "It needs a pinch of salt, and a dash of pepper," he said. "You wouldn't have any, would you? And perhaps a tiny bit of butter?"
(6) "No problem," said the woman, and she ran to get the requested components.
(7) When she returned, he added the salt, pepper, and butter to the broth and tasted it again. "Yum. Much better!" he said. "But vegetables would add even more flavor! Are there none in your cellar or garden?"
(8) "Oh, there must be a few," she said, eager to taste the magic soup. So she ran to the garden and returned with some potatoes, carrots, and beans.
(9) These were added and the vagabond tasted the mixture again. "The magic stone has not failed me!" he whispered surreptitiously. "It is almost ready. All it needs is a bit of meat."
(10) The woman found some leftover chicken in the refrigerator and added it to the pot, saying, "Magic stone, do your thing!"
(11) Before long, a wonderful aroma filled the kitchen, portending that the soup was done. The woman filled a bowl for the man and one for herself. And there was enough left for her husband to have a bowlful when he returned.
(12) "Thank you so much for letting me use your pot and fire," the stranger said as he prepared to leave. He extracted his stone from the bottom of the pot, washed it off, and put it back into his pocket.
(13) "Oh, you are welcome. Do come again," said the woman.
(14) "Indeed I will," replied the hobo. "Now, because of your kindness, I want to leave you a gift." He fished into his other pocket and brought out a tiny pebble. "Here," he said with a smile, "is your very own magic pebble. It is not yet fully matured so it can only make enough soup for one. Use it well."
(15) Then he left and disappeared into the woods. The farmer's wife never saw him again, but she did enjoy a small cup of magic pebble pottage from time to time!
1. Which synonym was NOT used to describe the stranger?
2. An antonym for the word extricated is
c. took out.
3. Which is a synonym for portending?
d. all of the above
4. Which is NOT an antonym for surreptitiously?
Practice 2: Hot Spot
Read the selection, and then answer the questions that follow.
(1) The Panamint Indians, who were the primary inhabitants of California's Death Valley, called it Tomesha, meaning "ground afire." And it is a real hot spot. In fact, it holds the record for the highest temperature ever documented in the United States—134° F (57° C), recorded in July 1913! Death Valley also holds the record for the lowest point in the Western Hemisphere—a salty pool in Badwater, 282 feet (86 m) below sea level!
(2) Normally, Death Valley gets only about 2 inches (5 cm) of rain annually. Some plants have adapted to the dry, desert life, as have kangaroo rats, scorpions, small lizards, and rattlesnakes. They find sustenance and can use the vegetation for shade in the extreme heat. But about every 50 years or so, it rains more in Death Valley. That's what happened in 2005. Winter storms dumped an excessive amount—6 inches (15 cm)—on the valley. The result? A rare showcase of color!
(3) For decades, wildflower seeds with thick or waxy veneers had been germinating underground. When the heavy rains came, the additional moisture coaxed the seeds to bloom. And they did, in an array of beautiful color all over the desert floor!
(4) The plants started a chain reaction. Caterpillars and moths flocked to the area to feed on the flowers. The insects then attracted birds and small rodents, which in turn attracted snakes and foxes, fabricating a whole new food chain in Death Valley.
(5) Now the flowers are gone and the dry, hot weather has returned. But the blossoms dropped new seeds that will remain dormant in the ground waiting for the next really wet winter. Until then, other parts of the new food chain will have to look for nourishment elsewhere!
5. A synonym for the word sustenance is
6. Which in NOT an antonym for fabricating?
7. The author could have used the synonym sleeping instead of
8. Which antonym pair is used in the selection?
a. tallest and shortest
b. lowest and highest
c. oldest and newest
d. hottest and coldest
9. Which is a synonym for veneer?
10. A synonym for the word excessive is
Practice 3: Revolutionary Resolution
A Young Colonist's Decision
Read the poem, and then answer the questions that follow.
Patriot or Loyalist, which one will I be? My kin came here from England, but I'm a colonist, you see. We have resided here all of my life; we toil hard every day, So why should we pay levies to a monarch far away? The people who really love this land will wrestle to make it free. I love this land and I shall fight . . . so a Patriot I will be! Men and women, girls and boys, speak up for democracy, So we can resolve what's best for us, rather than someone across the sea!
11. Which is a synonym for kin?
12. If resolve means "choose," an antonym would be
13. A synonym for levies is
14. An antonym for toil is
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