Testing and Individual Differences Review Questions for AP Psychology
The study guides for these review questions can be found at:
- Testing and Individual Differences for AP Psychology
- Ethics and Standards in Testing for AP Psychology
- Intelligence and Intelligence Testing for AP Psychology
- Heredity, Environment and Intelligence for AP Psychology
Directions: For each question, choose the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
- Aptitude tests are designed to measure
- previously learned facts
- future performance
- previously learned skills
- current competence
- your IQ score
- A standardization sample for developing a test
- should be representative of all the types of people for whom the test is designed
- is an early version of the test to determine questions that differentiate individuals
- is a set of norms that will determine what score should be considered passing
- should include people from all different age groups, ethnic groups, and genders
- must include a standard set of directions for administering the test that all students will receive
- If Mrs. Delvecchio compared the scores of students on the odd-numbered questions on the test with their scores for the even-numbered questions, she would be attempting to determine if the test had
- content validity
- split-half reliability
- predictive validity
- test-retest reliability
- concurrent validity
- Advantages of group tests as compared to individualized tests include
- that they are cheaper and give more accurate results
- that they can be given to a large group of people at one time and are cheaper to grade
- the ability to establish rapport between the examiner and subjects to put them at ease
- that they have proven to be more reliable and valid in measuring abilities
- more subjective scoring of results by examiners who evaluate them
- Which of the following best describes Charles Spearman's g of intelligence?
- There are many factors that determine intelligence, but genetics is the most important one.
- The internal validity of an intelligence test is g.
- A general intelligence that underlies success on a wide variety of tasks is g.
- Giftedness is determined by both innate ability to perform and experiences one has in life.
- The g is measured by the speed with which one can process information.
- According to Sternberg, which of the following types of intelligence in his triarchic theory are measured by standard IQ tests?
- I only
- II only
- III only
- I and II only
- I, II, and III
- Freddie is a 10-year-old boy with a mental age of 12. According to the scoring of the Stanford-Binet test, Freddie's intelligence quotient score is
- A comparison of the scores of African-American test takers to the scores of European-American test takers on current popular intelligence tests such as the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and the Stanford-Binet indicates that
- black students outperform white students on creative and practical intelligence scores
- the difference between the means of scores between groups is larger than the range of scores within groups
- adopted black children score higher than their biological siblings
- there is no difference between the scores of whites and blacks
- the mean of black students is lower than the mean of white students
- During development of standardized tests, questions that are answered correctly by almost all students and those that are missed by almost all students are eliminated. Why?
- Only questions that are moderately difficult should be included on a test.
- These questions fail to show individual differences in abilities.
- These questions are poorly written.
- The questions may be valid, but they are not reliable.
- This eliminates bias in administering the test.
- Barika, who is 75, takes longer to solve problems that require abstract reasoning than she did when she was 35. This tendency indicates
- a decrease in her overall intelligence level
- an increase in her crystallized ability
- a decline in her fluid intelligence
- failing eyesight, which can be compensated for by large print being used on the test
- a problem in her concrete operational thought
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