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Testing and Individual Differences Review Questions for AP Psychology

By — McGraw-Hill Professional
Updated on Mar 4, 2011

The study guides for these review questions can be found at:

Review Questions

Directions: For each question, choose the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

  1. Aptitude tests are designed to measure
    1. previously learned facts
    2. future performance
    3. previously learned skills
    4. current competence
    5. your IQ score
  2. A standardization sample for developing a test
    1. should be representative of all the types of people for whom the test is designed
    2. is an early version of the test to determine questions that differentiate individuals
    3. is a set of norms that will determine what score should be considered passing
    4. should include people from all different age groups, ethnic groups, and genders
    5. must include a standard set of directions for administering the test that all students will receive
  3. If Mrs. Delvecchio compared the scores of students on the odd-numbered questions on the test with their scores for the even-numbered questions, she would be attempting to determine if the test had
    1. content validity
    2. split-half reliability
    3. predictive validity
    4. test-retest reliability
    5. concurrent validity
  4. Advantages of group tests as compared to individualized tests include
    1. that they are cheaper and give more accurate results
    2. that they can be given to a large group of people at one time and are cheaper to grade
    3. the ability to establish rapport between the examiner and subjects to put them at ease
    4. that they have proven to be more reliable and valid in measuring abilities
    5. more subjective scoring of results by examiners who evaluate them
  5. Which of the following best describes Charles Spearman's g of intelligence?
    1. There are many factors that determine intelligence, but genetics is the most important one.
    2. The internal validity of an intelligence test is g.
    3. A general intelligence that underlies success on a wide variety of tasks is g.
    4. Giftedness is determined by both innate ability to perform and experiences one has in life.
    5. The g is measured by the speed with which one can process information.
  6. According to Sternberg, which of the following types of intelligence in his triarchic theory are measured by standard IQ tests?
    1. analytic
    2. practical
    3. creative
    1. I only
    2. II only
    3. III only
    4. I and II only
    5. I, II, and III
  7. Freddie is a 10-year-old boy with a mental age of 12. According to the scoring of the Stanford-Binet test, Freddie's intelligence quotient score is
    1. 12
    2. 83
    3. 95
    4. 120
    5. 140
  8. A comparison of the scores of African-American test takers to the scores of European-American test takers on current popular intelligence tests such as the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and the Stanford-Binet indicates that
    1. black students outperform white students on creative and practical intelligence scores
    2. the difference between the means of scores between groups is larger than the range of scores within groups
    3. adopted black children score higher than their biological siblings
    4. there is no difference between the scores of whites and blacks
    5. the mean of black students is lower than the mean of white students
  9. During development of standardized tests, questions that are answered correctly by almost all students and those that are missed by almost all students are eliminated. Why?
    1. Only questions that are moderately difficult should be included on a test.
    2. These questions fail to show individual differences in abilities.
    3. These questions are poorly written.
    4. The questions may be valid, but they are not reliable.
    5. This eliminates bias in administering the test.
  10. Barika, who is 75, takes longer to solve problems that require abstract reasoning than she did when she was 35. This tendency indicates
    1. a decrease in her overall intelligence level
    2. an increase in her crystallized ability
    3. a decline in her fluid intelligence
    4. failing eyesight, which can be compensated for by large print being used on the test
    5. a problem in her concrete operational thought
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