Reading Text Clues Practice Exercises (page 2)

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Updated on Sep 29, 2011

By Air

(2) To find warmer places, some birds fly more than 3,000 miles. In spring, they fly home, build nests, and lay eggs. The following autumn, the baby birds will migrate, too.
(3) Some butterflies fly south over 1,000 miles for the winter. As they fly back home in spring, they stop along the way to lay eggs. The new butterflies that hatch continue the trip north.
(4) To get where flowers are still blooming, some bats migrate more than 1,000 miles across the desert. The bats feed on the nectar from the flowers.

By Water

(5) Pods of whales live off the coast of Massachusetts, a place that has cold and snowy winters. So the whales swim 3,500 miles south, to warmer water off the island of Bermuda. There they have their young, and in spring, they all swim back home.
(6) Elephant seals migrate about 21,000 miles roundtrip every year. They travel back and forth between California and Alaska, following the weather … and the food.

By Land

(7) Herds of bighorn sheep in Canada and the United States migrate shorter distances up and down mountains. In summer, there's plenty of grass on mountaintops, but in winter, the ground's covered with snow. So the sheep climb down the mountain where there are still shrubs and other small plants to eat, and in spring, migrate back up to the peaks.
(8) Caribou that live in the Arctic migrate when the snow gets really deep. They move hundreds of miles to a place where there's less snow. Then they can sniff out, uncover, and eat the tender plants that still grow under the snow.
(9) What animals migrate from or to the area where you live? Look for movement in spring and fall. Record what you observe.
4. What is the purpose of the subhead "By Land"?
a. to tell what the next part of the selection will be about
b. to tell why whales migrate
c. to put words in alphabetical order
d. to introduce a sidebar
5. A reader can use the glossary to find out
a. the page on which this passage starts.
b. the meaning of the boldface word nectar.
c. the title of the book.
d. the name of the next selection.
6. The word migrans is in italics because it
a. looks pretty that way.
b. is the name of a book.
c. explains what a pod is.
d. is a foreign word.
7. In an index, the word caribou would be
a. somewhere between bats and birds.
b. somewhere between butterflies and elephant seals.
c. somewhere between sheep and whales.
d. somewhere between Bighorn sheep and butterflies.
8. Which text feature did the author NOT use?
a. heading
b. subhead
c. sidebar
d. boldface type
9. What information does the heading tell about the selection?
a. that it's about someone living in a large city
b. that it's about crops grown on American farms
c. that it's about animals in a zoo
d. that it's about someone or something moving somewhere
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