Education.com
Try
Brainzy
Try
Plus

Reading Text Clues Practice Exercises (page 3)

based on 5 ratings
By
Updated on Sep 29, 2011

Practice 3: Partial to Peanuts

Read the selection, and then answer the questions that follow.

(1) When is a nut NOT a nut? When it's a PEAnut! That's right; the peaNUT is a legume, like a pea or bean, with its seeds inside a pod. Peanuts grow in many different places around the world and are called different names including:
 
  • ground nuts
  • pindars
  • goobers
  • earth nuts
(2) It makes sense to call them "ground nuts" or "earth nuts," because they grow underground in well-drained, sandy soil!

Road to America

(3) More than 3,500 years ago, South American Indians in Brazil and Peru first grew peanuts. Hundreds of years later, Spanish explorers ate some, then took some back home to plant. Later, people took peanuts from Spain to Africa, where they quickly became a staple.
(4) In the 1700s, some Africans brought peanuts to America. They ate some and planted some. Along with sandy soil, peanuts need plenty of sunshine, water, and four or five months of warm weather— just what's available in our southern states. So by 1800, groundnuts were growing all over the South. And today, with about 40,000 peanut farms, the United States is the world's third-largest peanut producer.

The Peanut Man

(5) George Washington Carver is often called "the peanut wizard" because he not only helped to make peanuts "big business," he found many different ways to use them. Born around 1864, Carver worked a lot with plants as he was growing up. When he grew up, he taught about farming and plants in Alabama.
(6) In 1914, southern cotton crops were destroyed by insects. The farmers had no income, so Carver convinced them to plant peanuts. And he looked for ways to use every part of the peanut plant. Before long, he'd made 325 different things from ground nuts, including coffee, cheese, ink, glue, face powder, soap, shampoo, mayonnaise, medicine, hand lotion, rubber, and ice cream!

IT'S A FACT: Circus owner P.T. Barnum first sold peanuts to his show-goers more than 100 years ago. Soon the snack showed up at ballparks, where today vendors may sell as many as 7,000 bags in one day!

10. The author gives information about ballpark peanuts in
a. the heading.
b. a sidebar.
c. the table of contents.
d. a caption.
11. The first subhead tells readers that the next part is about
a. what you can make from peanuts.
b. George Washington Carver.
c. why the peanut is not a nut.
d. how peanuts got to America.
12. A reader can use the glossary to find out
a. the meanings of legume and staple.
b. the meanings of pod and goobers.
c. the meanings of pintars and pod.
d. the meanings of mayonnaise and pod.
13. The title "Partial to Peanuts" is
a. an index.
b. a heading.
c. a caption.
d. a subhead.
14. How does the author use a bulleted list?
a. to tell which counties grow peanuts
b. to tell the names of famous peanut farmers
c. to list the amounts of peanuts grown each year
d. to tell some names people call peanuts

Answers

1. c
2. d
3. b
4. a
5. b
6. d
7. b
8. c
9. d
10. b
11. d
12. a
13. b
14. d
View Full Article
Add your own comment

Ask a Question

Have questions about this article or topic? Ask
Ask
150 Characters allowed