Economic Opportunity in the Colonial Life (page 2)

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By — McGraw-Hill Professional
Updated on Feb 4, 2012


Georgia was founded in 1732, much later than the other British colonies. Its origins lay in a specific reclamation project for the poor of England. People who were heavily in debt could emigrate to Georgia and make a fresh start. With laws that forbade alcohol and slavery, Georgia failed to attract many immigrants at first. It did not begin to prosper until the 1750s.

New York and New Jersey

New Netherland was the one Atlantic coast colony founded by the Dutch, who purchased Manhattan from the local Native Americans. This island at the confluence of the Hudson and East rivers was a perfect location for trading, and thus an ideal place for the new Dutch city of New Amsterdam. This was the beginning of a long history of European immigration to what was to become New York City. It was not exclusively a Dutch colony, but attracted settlers from many nations. In 1664, the English invaded New Amsterdam; its governor Peter Stuyvesant surrendered without a fight, and the colony was divided into two sections. One was renamed New York; the other, across the Hudson River, was called New Jersey.

US History The British Colonies Dutch Delaware Indians

Practice questions for these concepts can be found at:  The British Colonies Practice Test

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