The Cold War Ends Timeline
|1973||Roe v. Wade|
|1976||Jimmy Carter elected president|
|1977||Congress creates Department of Energy|
Panama Canal treaties
Camp David Accords
Three Mile Island nuclear reactor failure
Soviet Union invades Afghanistan
Ronald Reagan elected president
Polish workers strike for the right to form unions
|1985||Mikhail Gorbachev becomes premier of Soviet Union|
|1986||“Iran Contra” scandal|
|1988||George Bush elected president|
|1989||Berlin Wall comes down|
Soviet Union breaks up
East and West Germany reunited
Persian Gulf War
The Cold War Ends
In 1976, the year of the U.S. bicentennial, Democrat Jimmy Carter defeated incumbent President Ford in a close election. Carter had no experience of Washington politics—a point in his favor among voters who were sick of Washington. Despite major achievements in foreign policy, Carter was considered an ineffective president and served for only one term.
In the 1980 election, Ronald Reagan of California was an attractive enough candidate to win many Democratic voters. He promised to balance the federal budget, but instead ran up the federal highest deficits in history. His successor George Bush continued Reagan’s policies, bringing the nation to what seemed to many to be the brink of another Great Depression. Rising prices, rising unemployment, widespread buying on credit, and stock market fluctuations all contributed to ruining the national economy.
The Cold War ended during the Reagan–Bush years, and with it ended the long-standing hostility between the United States and the now-defunct Soviet Union.
Practice questions for these concepts can be found at:
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