Ever since the end of World War I, most Americans had supported a foreign policy of neutrality. Americans hoped to remain on friendly terms with all nations, not to be dragged into conflicts with any. Most Americans saw no point in foreign alliances. Owing to its huge size and its geographical isolation from Europe and Asia, the United States felt invulnerable to attack from them; in its own hemisphere, the United States enjoyed excellent relations with Canada and was much too wealthy and powerful to fear any of the Latin American nations. Congress felt that it spoke for the people when it refused to join either the League of Nations or the World Court.
However, the United States was included in various diplomatic meetings during the 1920s and 1930s. These meetings discussed world disarmament.
The Washington Conference of 1921 resulted in three major treaties, shown in this table:
The United States also pulled back on its imperialist tactics in Latin America. FDR announced the Good Neighbor Policy, which pledged that the United States would respect the rights of its neighbors and would expect the same respect in return. FDR withdrew troops from Latin American nations, agreed to Cuba’s request to repeal the Platt Amendment, and improved relations with Mexico.
The United States reduced the rate of World War I debt owed by Allied nations. Because it was clearly impossible for Germany to make reparations on the schedule that had been agreed to at Versailles, the Dawes Plan of 1924 drew up a new schedule for these payments..
Practice questions for these concepts can be found at:
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