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Vowels: Spelling Review Practice Exercises (page 2)

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Updated on Aug 25, 2011

Spelling Scramble Clues

1. First letter: p Last letter: s
2. First letter: d Last letter: y
3. First letter: d Last letter: r
4. First letter: p Last letter: e
5. First letter: s Last letter: y
6. First letter: t Last letter: d
7. First letter: i Last letter: n
8. First letter: f Last letter: e
9. First letter: c Last letter: r
10. First letter: r Last letter: t
11. First letter: s Last letter: e
12. First letter: u Last letter: d
13. First letter: q Last letter: y
14. First letter: m Last letter: h
15. First letter: e Last letter: s
16. First letter: b Last letter: l
17. First letter: d Last letter: c
18. First letter: f Last letter: n
19. First letter: r Last letter: m
20. First letter: s Last letter: d
21. First letter: t Last letter: m
22. First letter: p Last letter: y
23. First letter: w Last letter: e
24. First letter: i Last letter: y
25. First letter: a Last letter: y
26. First letter: b Last letter: s
27. First letter: c Last letter: t
28. First letter: l Last letter: x
29. First letter: s Last letter: h
30. First letter: u Last letter: d
31. First letter: w Last letter: y
32. First letter: w Last letter: r
33. First letter: s Last letter: y
34. First letter: c Last letter: t
35. First letter: d Last letter: g
36. First letter: v Last letter: s
37. First letter: s Last letter: r
38. First letter: c Last letter: h
39. First letter: v Last letter: t

CHAPTER 4 WORD LIST

      authority
      boastful
      boisterous
      calendar
      consonant
      crwth
      crypt
      cwm
      daughter
      decay
      diphthong
      dynamic
      easels
      follicle
      foundation
      instantaneously
      interjection
      lynx
      myth
      pharmacy
      preposterous
      pride
      quantity
      rhythm
      roost
      schwa
      secondary
      shareholder
      shielded
      shy
      sigh
      suture
      transform
      tried
      undisputed
      unemployed
      ventriloquist
      vowels
      whine
      why
      wicker

ANSWERS TO PRACTICE

  1. pride. When a silent e is found at the end of a word, the vowel will have a long sound. The silent e is discussed later in this chapter.
  2. shy. The only words in which the letter i appears at the end are words that have been borrowed from other languages, such as confetti and spaghetti. Words from foreign languages are covered in Chapter 10.
  3. lynx. A lynx is a type of wildcat. Animal names are often taken from different languages and do not follow any rules; many of these spellings simply have to be memorized.
  4. wicker. The letter y is never followed by the consonant combination ck. You will learn more about consonant combinations in Chapter 5.
  5. tried. Although the based word of tried is try, the y becomes an i when the past form -ed is added. Endings are discussed in greater detail in Chapter 6.
  6. dynamic. Dynamic comes from the Greek root dynamis, meaning "power." Other words that share this root include dynasty, dynamite, and dynamo.
  7. myth. Myth is an ancient word that has remained relatively unchanged from its Latin root.
  8. crypt. Like myth, crypt is an ancient word that remains relatively unchanged from its Latin root.
  9. sigh. I + silent gh generally produces a long i sound, as in high, night, and light. Read more about the silent gh combination in Chapter 5.
  10. whine. This is another example of the common long i + silent e combination.
  11. secondary. The ending -ary is a common noun suffix meaning "belonging or connected to."
  12. suture. Suture is a surgical term meaning "to join together by stitching." Stitches are sutures. The r-controlled vowel is pronounced (ûr), as in pure and sure.
  13. transform. This word combines the Latin root form with the prefix trans-, meaning "across."
  14. shareholder. There are two r-controlled vowels in this word; ar pronounced , and er pronounced . In the first r-controlled vowel, the pronunciation is determined by the silent e. The second r-controlled vowel is a common schwa combination.
  15. pharmacy. Pharmacy comes from the Greek root pharma, meaning "drug." Other words that share this root are pharmacist and pharmaceutical.
  16. foundation
  17. boisterous
  18. daughter
  19. unemployed
  20. authority
  21. instantaneously. The common adjective ending -ous means "full of, having the qualities of, or relating to." This suffix does not follow the "when two vowels go walking" rule, so be sure to remember that it is pronounced .
  22. boastful. The vowel combination oa follows the "when two vowels go walking" rule.
  23. shielded. The mnemonic "i before e, except after c" pertains in this situation.
  24. roost. Although roust is a word, a roost is something a parrot would sit on. In this case, roost is pronounced .
  25. easels. The word easels has the same root as easy. The "when two vowels go walking, the first does the talking" rule works in this case.
  26. quantity. The (kw) sound is almost always made by the qu vowel + consonant combination.
  27. follicle. The vowel + consonant combination oll is pronounced in this case, as in the words doll and holly.
  28. preposterous. In this case, you might look at your knowledge of suffixes and prefixes and assume that the root of the word preposterous was pronounced similarly to the word post. In this case, however, the ost sound is pronounced , as in cost.
  29. decay. As mentioned earlier, it is rare to find an English word that ends with an i. Decay is the correct spelling of this word.
  30. undisputed. In this case, you may have removed the suffixes and prefixes and assumed that the root of this word was put. The base word in this case, however, is dispute. The vowel + consonant + silent e rule tells you how to spell this word.
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