Importance of Vocabulary Practice Exercises (page 2)
Review the following concepts if needed:
Importance of Vocabulary Study Guide
The following three diagnostic questions will help you spot specific areas you need to concentrate on to have greater word power. There are no right or wrong answers; just try to complete the questions quickly and easily.
- Vocabulary Fluency: What Does That Word Mean?
- Using Synonyms: Do You Know Another Word?
- Using the Right Homonym: Is That Word Spelled Correctly?
- Ethan dropped his subway token down the street (great/grate) and suddenly had no way to get home.
- His day at the (beech/beach) had been loads of fun, but now he was really stuck.
- Wondering what to do, Ethan scraped the (souls/soles) of his flipflops along the curb nervously, waiting for inspiration to strike.
- If he remained (stationery/stationary) and kept hoping, then maybe a friend would come along and lend him an extra token.
- On the other hand, if he continued to (waist/waste) time standing still, he'd be in big trouble once he finally got home.
This question tests your ability to use antonyms, or words with opposite meanings. If you know what a word means, you should be able to supply its opposite very easily.
In the blank next to each word, write a word that means the opposite. Time: one minute
Was this question easy for you? Did you zoom through it? If so, you don't seem to have problems with fluency—the ability to find the right word easily in your vocabulary inventory. If you hesitated, or were stumped and unable to think of an opposite word, you'll need to pay particular attention to remembering the meanings of new words you learn. Be sure to practice carefully, using new words in conversation or written sentences.
Synonyms are words that have the same meaning. This question tests your ability to supply synonyms for sample words.
In the blank next to each word, write a word with a similar meaning. Remember, there may be more than one synonym. Write the first one that comes to your mind.
Time: one minute
How did you do? This question tested your ability to use synonyms, or words with similar (if not exactly identical) meanings. If this question was a breeze for you, you can be somewhat confident about your ability to find synonyms in your vocabulary inventory. This skill is important to reading comprehension as well as to writing. If you hesitated, or found it difficult to think of a synonym, you'll need to pay particular attention to acquiring new words. Your vocabulary may be weak and in need of some strengthening.
Homonyms are words that are pronounced the same way but have entirely different meanings.
Circle the correct word in each sentence.
Time: one minute.
If you found these questions easy to answer, you're probably a fairly good speller. But you can't be too careful. Some of the most common test-taking and essay-writing errors occur when students rush through their work and fail to double check their spelling. If you had to think hard to answer any of these questions, you'll need to pay special attention to spelling, which is a skill often overlooked in word power.
Practice: Finding Out What You Already Know
- Vocabulary Fluency. Possible antonyms (opposite words) include:
- Knowing Synonyms. Possible synonyms (same or very similar words include:
- Using the correct Homonym
sweet: sour, salty, bitter, spicy
different: same, similar, alike
asleep: awake, alert, waking, conscious
run: walk, stumble, hop, stand still
easy: difficult, hard, complicated
strange: odd, weird, alien, uncommon, unusual
rude: ill-behaved, ill-mannered, vulgar, inconsiderate, impolite
correct: right, appropriate, true, valid
enormous: large, gigantic, huge
rule: nouns: law, principle, regulation; verbs: legislate, reign, govern, run
Set Your Word Power Learning Goals
Now that you've completed these brief practice exercises, you should have an idea of which areas of vocabulary improvement you need to concentrate on. Is it spelling? Is it understanding word meaning? Is it knowing words well enough to use them casually in conversation and writing?
In the space below, list the areas you want to improve, and remember, deciding to improve in more than one area is certainly allowed!
My Word Power Goals
Lesson 1 Words You Should Now Know
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