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Geographical Terms Practice Exercises

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Updated on Jul 15, 2011

Read the following study guide for a concept review:

Geographical Terms Study Guide

Activity 1: WHICH ONE DOES NOT BELONG?

Look at each set of words and circle the one that doesn't fit the category. On the line underneath, write why it doesn't fit.

  1. aquifer, isthmus, reservoir
  2. epicenter, perihelion, zenith
  3. latitude, longitude, arroyo
  4. watershed, biosphere, floodplain
  5. equinox, archipelago, meridian

Activity 2: PICK-A-WORD

Read each question, then circle the correct answer.

  1. If you travel to the Florida Keys and go from one island to another, you are visiting a(n)
    1. archipelago.
    2. epicenter.
    3. reservoir.
    4. watershed.
  2. An arroyo is filled with water
    1. never.
    2. whenever it sprinkles.
    3. following heavy rains.
    4. constantly.
  3. If you gather statistics about the people in your neighborhood to determine the age ranges, you're working with
    1. topography.
    2. demographics.
    3. erosion.
    4. biosphere.
  4. To locate a remote place on the globe, it helps most to know its
    1. longitude.
    2. demographics.
    3. zenith.
    4. perihelion.
  5. If you're in an area with karst, most likely you'll find a(n)
    1. desert.
    2. mountain.
    3. island.
    4. cave.

Activity 3: ANALOGIES

Look at the relationship between the first two words, then figure out which vocabulary word best fits in the second set.

  1. archipelago : islands :: _____ : planet
  2. demographics : statistics :: _____ : shock waves
  3. karst : limestone :: _____ : tributaries
  4. reservoir : arroyo :: _____ : equator
  5. perihelion : furthest point :: _____ : building up

Activity 4: WORD MIX-UP

Unscramble each word and write it correctly.

  1. eaiufrq
  2. vsrrereoi
  3. dinreami
  4. hsrepbeoi
  5. etdliatu
  6. tareewdhs
  7. rsoonie
  8. shehrimpee
  9. atksr
  10. rroyoa

Answers

Activity 1: WHICH ONE DOES NOT BELONG?

  1. isthmus—the first and last words are about storing water; an isthmus is a piece of land connecting other lands together.
  2. perihelion—an epicenter and a zenith are focal points; a perihelion is a spot closest to the sun.
  3. arroyo—the first two are imaginary lines on the globe; the arroyo is a dry ditch.
  4. biosphere—the other two terms refer to areas that hold and deal with water; the biosphere is the planet as a whole.
  5. archipelago—the equinox is equal parts night and day and the meridian is equal parts of the earth; the archipelago is a chain of islands.

Activity 2: PICK-A-WORD

  1. a
  2. c
  3. b
  4. a
  5. d

Activity 3: ANALOGIES

  1. biosphere
  2. epicenter
  3. watershed
  4. meridian
  5. erosion

Activity 4: WORD MIX-UP

  1. aquifer
  2. reservoir
  3. meridian
  4. biosphere
  5. latitude
  6. watershed
  7. erosion
  8. hemisphere
  9. karst
  10. arroyo
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