World History Environment and Periodization Review Questions for AP World History
The study guide for these review questions can be found at:
- Interactions between Muslims and Europeans during the seventeenth century are most commonly found in
- the Atlantic Ocean.
- the Arctic Ocean.
- the South China Sea.
- the Indian Ocean.
- the Pacific Ocean.
- An Advanced Placement World History region that can be classified as a cultural region is
- South Asia.
- North America.
- Latin America.
- Southeast Asia.
- Central Asia.
- The study of oceans in world history
- focuses on trans-Atlantic themes.
- focuses on the commercial activities of elite classes.
- has less impact on global history than the study of land masses.
- narrows the study of interaction among global peoples.
- coordinates with an emphasis on societies as well as civilizations.
- An example of diffusion rather than independent invention is
- the Sumerian use of the wheel.
- the Mayan concept of zero as a place holder.
- the origin of the Greek alphabet.
- the cultivation of the banana in Southeast Asia.
- the origin of monotheism.
- Periodization in the Advanced Placement World History course
- begins with the rise of river valley civilizations in the Foundations period.
- assists students in comparing societies and trends within periods.
- is irrelevant to the content of documentbased questions.
- limits the study of continuities between historical periods.
- provides even coverage to the millennia of world history.
Answers and Explanations
- D—The seventeenth century witnessed intense rivalry among Europeans and Muslims for trade dominance, especially in spices, in the Indian Ocean. The Atlantic Ocean (A) was the scene of interactions among Europeans, Africans, and Native Americans, whereas the Arctic Ocean (B) saw limited trade among various Inuit peoples. The South China Sea (C) was largely the domain of the Chinese. The Pacific Ocean (E) saw limited contacts between Europeans and Pacific Islanders as well as interactions among the Spanish, Chinese, Filipinos, and Indians of South America through the voyages of the Manila galleons.
- C—Latin America embraces the political regions of Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America, with the unifying force a common heritage stemming from speakers of Romance languages. Mexico, for example, belongs politically to North America and culturally to Latin America. South Asia (A), North America (B), Southeast Asia (D), and Central Asia (E) are regions with commonly defined political boundaries.
- E—The study of oceans embraces societies such as Polynesian islanders and Malay peoples in addition to accounts of civilizations. The Indian and Pacific oceans as well as the Atlantic (A) involve accounts of rich cultural interactions including various social classes (B). Interactions across the ocean waters are no less vital to global history than those across land masses (C), broadening the scope of history (D).
- C—The Greek alphabet originated with the Phoenicians who, through trade, transmitted its knowledge to the Greeks. The Sumerians invented the wheel (A). The Mayans originated the concept of the place holder in the Western Hemisphere (B). Southeast Asia was an area of independent cultivation of the banana (D). The Hebrew people are credited with the origins of monotheism (E).
- B—The organization of the Advanced Placement World History course by periods facilitates comparing events and trends in those periods. The Foundations period begins with the rise of global agriculture (A). Periodization assists students in analyzing the time periods addressed in document-based questions and organizing the study of continuities between time periods (C, D). The Foundations period is much broader in scope than the other periods in the course, resulting in uneven coverage of the early millennia of world history (E).
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