World Trade Review Questions for AP World History
The study guide for these review questions can be found at:
- As a result of the Opium War,
- the Qing dynasty overtook the Ming.
- Great Britain acquired Hong Kong.
- the Chinese silver supply was restored.
- the importation of opium to China increased.
- foreign spheres of influence were abolished.
- The end of the trans-Atlantic slave trade
- was resisted by Great Britain.
- received widespread support of African kings.
- began with Brazil.
- occurred about the same time as the emancipation of Russian serfs.
- was initiated by the United States.
- The country least dependent on Western technology in the early nineteenth century was
- the Ottoman Empire.
- As a result of Latin America's trade relationship with the United States and Great Britain,
- Latin America became dependent on United States and European manufactured goods.
- Latin America began to industrialize.
- local independent trade flourished in Latin America.
- land was redistributed.
- peasants benefited from trade more than did large landowners.
- The Ottoman Empire
- refused to accept foreign loans.
- resisted economic reforms.
- supported policies that benefited local artisans.
- saw trade between non-Muslims and European merchants.
- increased agricultural profits in the nineteenth century.
- Egyptian trade
- was dependent on the exportation of a single crop.
- did not suffer from competition with Europe.
- improved as a result of Muhammad Ali's policies.
- weakened after the opening of the Suez Canal.
- was independent of world export prices.
- Latin American trade
- decreased after the 1820s.
- caused Great Britain to support the Monroe Doctrine.
- depended on the increased slave trade of the late nineteenth century.
- relied on exports of manufactured goods.
- increased local wealth by supplying inexpensive foreign imports.
- World trade in the period 1750 to 1914
- brought greater prosperity to China than to the West.
- decreased the economic power of the West.
- strengthened Latin America's trade position.
- concentrated on the Atlantic Ocean.
- benefited Western colonial powers.
Answers and Explanations
- B—The Treaty of Nanking (1842) made Hong Kong a British colony. The Qing overtook the Ming in 1644, while the Opium War occurred between 1839 and 1842 (A). China's silver supply was drained to purchase opium (C) and was not immediately restored since the opium trade continued after the war (D). Foreign spheres of influence were set up after the war (E).
- D—Both ended in the 1860s. Great Britain initiated the end of the trans-Atlantic slave trade (A) (E). Brazil continued to support the slave trade (C) with the approval of many African kings (B).
- D—China continued to resist the intrusion of Western technology, whereas the Ottoman Empire (A) and countries of Latin America (E) became increasingly dependent on it. After the Meiji restoration, Japan depended on Western technology, sending students to the West to learn of its use (B). Russia purchased machinery from the West (C).
- A—The United States and Europe encouraged Latin America to provide them with raw materials rather than build factories (B), a situation that kept Latin America dependent on U.S. and European manufactured goods. Local traders were forced to compete with less expensive imports (C). Land remained in the hands of a few large landholders (D), who benefited the most from the wealth brought in by trade (E).
- D—Most European trade carried on within the Ottoman Empire was on the part of Jewish and Christian merchants. The Ottoman Empire accepted some loans from the West (A) in spite of enacting some economic reforms within the empire (B). Local artisans suffered because of the influx of better and less expensive European goods (C). Agricultural revenue declined (E).
- A—Egyptian trade depended on the exportation of cotton. It suffered because of the influx of European goods (B) and was dependent on world cotton prices (E). Muhammad Ali's insistence on a single cash crop hindered Egyptian trade (C). Trade improved after the opening of the Suez Canal (D).
- B—Great Britain supported the Monroe Doctrine to improve its relations with Latin America so that it could actively trade with the Latin American nations. Latin American trade increased after the independence movements of the 1820s (A). The slave trade ended in the late nineteenth century (C). Latin American nations imported manufactured goods (D). Local artisans suffered because of the importation of European goods (E).
- E—Much of world trade in this period benefited Western colonial powers, who imposed their manufactured goods on the developing world, increasing the economic power of the West (B). China suffered an outflow of silver because of the opium trade (A). Latin America became dependent on U.S. and European manufactured goods (C). Trade was active in the Indian and Pacific oceans in addition to the Atlantic (D).
From 5 Steps to a 5 AP World History. Copyright © 2010 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
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