World War II (1933–1945) for AP U.S. History (page 4)

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By — McGraw-Hill Professional
Updated on Mar 4, 2011


To achieve the perfect 5, you should be able to explain the following:

  • War production for World War II pulled America out of the Great Depression.
  • World War II turned America into one of the two major world powers.
  • America continued to pursue a foreign policy of isolationism throughout the 1930s.
  • Lend-Lease and other measures by Franklin Roosevelt brought America into the war on the side of England one year before America actually entered the war.
  • The Pearl Harbor attack was part of an overall Japanese strategy, and it mobilized American public opinion for war.
  • Battles fought by American GIs in Africa, Italy, and Western Europe were crucial in creating a "second front" and important in the eventual defeat of Hitler.
  • Decision made at the Yalta Conference did much to influence the postwar world.
  • Superior American air and sea power ultimately led to the defeat of the Japanese in the Pacific.
  • The decision to drop the atomic bomb was based on the calculations of the human cost of an American invasion of Japan and as retaliation for Japanese actions during the war.
  • Americans sacrificed greatly during the war and contributed to the Allied victory through rationing, extra work, and the purchase of war bonds.
  • American women contributed greatly to the war effort, especially by taking industrial jobs that had been held by departed soldiers.
  • Blacks continued to meet discrimination both in and out of the armed services, as did the Japanese. Japanese citizens from the West Coast were forced to move to internment camps. The American government in 1988 issued a formal apology for these actions.

    Time Line

      1933:   Hitler comes to power in Germany
      1935:   Neutrality Act of 1935
      1938:   Hitler annexes Austria, Sudetenland
      1939:   Nazi-Soviet Pact
          Germany invades Poland/beginning of World War II
      1940:   Roosevelt reelected for third term
          American Selective Service plan instituted
      1941:   Lend-Lease assistance begins for England
          Japanese attack Pearl Harbor/United States officially enters World War II
          Germany declares war on United States
      1942:   American troops engage in combat in Africa
          Japanese interment camps opened
          Battle of Coral Sea, Battle of Midway
          Casablanca released
      1943:   Allied armies invade Sicily
          United Mine Workers strike
      1944:   D-Day Invasion
          Roosevelt defeats Thomas Dewey, elected for fourth term
          Beginning of Battle of the Bulge
      1945:   Yalta Conference
          Concentration camps discovered by Allied forces
          FDR dies in Warm Springs, Georgia; Harry Truman becomes president
          Germany surrenders unconditionally
          Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
          Japan surrenders unconditionally

Test your knowledge with these practice questions:

World War II (1933–1945): AP U.S. History Review Questions

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