The Reformation, 1455-1600

Get reviews and study guides on the Reformation here. Learn about Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation or brush up on your skills. Thorough explanations and practice questions will help you learn and review European History.

Study Guides

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  • 1.

    The Reformation in Europe

    Time Line 1455 Johannes Gutenberg publishes the Vulgate Bible, the fi rst book in Europe printed with ...

  • 2.

    Causes of the Reformation

    Causes of the Reformation The rise of Protestantism had multiple causes. They included a growing realization that the Church was not as powerful as it had claimed, a rise in secular political power, and the perfection of the printing process stimulating a rise in ...

  • 3.

    Martin Luther and the Reformation

    Martin Luther Martin Luther was born in 1483 in the German state of Saxony. He became a theological scholar and a professor of scripture at Wittenberg University. A devout Catholic, Luther was outraged by the notion that salvation could be bought and sold. His ...

  • 4.

    John Calvin and the Reformation

    John Calvin John Calvin was born in France in 1509. He studied philosophy, law, and humanism and learned both Latin and Greek. Like Luther, Calvin came to believe that the Catholic Church needed reform. When he spoke out on this issue, he found himself so ...

  • 5.

    Henry VIII and the Church of England

    Henry VIII and the Church of England The Anglican Church, also called the Church of England, is unique in history for two reasons. First, it was created solely for political reasons, not religious ones. Second, it was the most sweeping assertion of secular ...

  • 6.

    The Counter Reformation

    The Counter Reformation Meanwhile, the Catholic Church was well aware of the need to reform itself from within. However, reform depended largely on the personality of the pope in power at any given time. This made for inconsistency; reform proceeded slowly, by ...

  • 7.

    The Reformation in Europe Practice Test

    Review the following study guides if necessary: The Reformation in Europe

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