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### Lesson plan

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Students will be able to add small numbers using visual aids.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
(10 minutes)
• Tell students they will be listening to a story about a grouchy ladybug.
• Show students the cover of The Grouchy Ladybug and read aloud the title, author, and illustrator.
• Ask students to predict what they think the story will be about.
• Ask students to share what they think the roles of the author and the illustrator are.
(5 minutes)
• Project one of the prepared red circles and say, "This is a ladybug. It needs dots!"
• Draw dots on each wing (less than five dots per wing).
• Have students count the dots on one wing and write that number (an addend) below the wing.
• Repeat this for the second wing.
• Have the class count all the dots on both wings and put that number (the sum) on the line at the bottom of the ladybug.
• Read the equation, emphasizing the words "plus" and "equals".
• Explain that you just created an addition sentence.
(5 minutes)
• Give each student a their own 'ladybug' and a marker.
• Tell students to draw five dots on one wing of their ladybug.
• Have them write the number 5 on the wing.
• Tell students to draw three dots on the other wing and write the number 3 on the second wing.
• Have them count up the total dots and put that number on the bottom.
(5 minutes)
• Provide each student with a second Ladybug.
• Have each student come up with their own addition sentence (but make sure you tell them to draw five dots or less on each wing).
• Support: Have students work with a partner to come up with addition sentences. Draw dots on the student's wings and have them write the addition sentence to go with the dots.
(5 minutes)
• Walk around the room during Independent Working Time and make sure students are following directions.
• Have students each create an addition sentence in their math journals on their own.
• Observe them as they work and assess their understanding of the lesson content.
(10 minutes)

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