Parts of Speech: Sticky Note Ad-Libs
Students will be able to identify and use the eight parts of speech in the context of a sentence.
- Explain that parts of speech are different types of words that we use in English. There are eight parts of speech: nouns, verbs, prepositions, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, conjunctions, and interjections.
- Show your students a short video about the eight parts of speech (see related media).
- After the video, have your students "turn and talk" with an elbow partner to see how many of the eight parts of speech they can name.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(10 minutes)
- Hang up eight large pieces of paper and write a part of speech and definition on each. Make sure to leave some blank space on each poster, below the definition. (Note: you can prepare these before the lesson. Hang the posters spaced out throughout the classroom at student eye level.)
- noun: a person, place, thing, or idea
- verb: a word that expresses action or a state of being
- preposition: a word that expresses the relationship between a noun and another word
- adjective: a word that describes a noun or a pronoun
- adverb: a word that describes a verb, adverb, or adjective
- pronoun: a word used in place of a noun
- conjunction: a word that joins words, phrases, or clauses
- interjection: a word used to express emotion
- Add three or four examples of each part of speech to the posters (e.g., noun: ball, Disneyland, cat, Ms. James). Make sure to leave some additional room on each poster, below the examples (about half of the poster should be left blank).
Guided Practice(15 minutes)
- Write a sentence on each poster (under the examples) with a blank where the specified part of speech would be (e.g., "He threw a ____ at me," OR "I saw a ____ deer in the forest.").
- As a model, read each example sentence aloud using one of the example words in place of the blank.
- Explain to students that they will come up with their own words to complete each sentence, like a game of ad-libs. Remind students that when they choose a word, they should make sure it is the correct part of speech.
- Hand out eight blank sticky notes to each student.
- Tell students to bring their sticky notes and a pencil with them as they walk around the room visiting each poster. When they get to a poster, they should write a word (in large print on their sticky note) that completes the sentence and place it in the empty area on the bottom half of the poster. Once all students have added their sticky notes, there will be a bank of words to complete the sentence on each poster.
- Challenge your students to avoid repeating the words that have already been added to the poster.
- After all students are finished, ask them to return to their seats. Read the sentence on each poster aloud several times, placing different sticky notes on the blank for each read.
Independent working time(10 minutes)
- Hand out the worksheet Parts of Speech.
- Tell students to complete the worksheet independently.
- Circulate and offer support as needed.
- For struggling students, follow up on this lesson by focusing on one part of speech at a time, using mini-lessons to review each one.
- Have students revisit a piece of their own writing and identify one or more examples of each part of speech. For example, have them underline nouns in red, verbs in orange, pronouns in yellow, and so on.
- Have students make a "parts of speech book." Each page of the book should have a heading, definition, sentence, and illustration.
- Write a sentence or two on the board (e.g., "Wow! Danny jumped quickly over the tall fence and he didn't even fall!").
- Point out a word in the sentence (e.g., "quickly") and ask students to write the appropriate part of speech on their personal whiteboard (e.g., adverb).
- Have students hold up their answers and scan their responses to gauge understanding.
- Repeat to assess each of the eight parts of speech.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Use a 3-2-1 protocol to help students reflect on the lesson.
- In a notebook, have students write three parts of speech, two examples of each, and one sentence with a part of speech circled and labeled.