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Root Words: "Tele" and "Sign"
Students will be able to use the root words TELE and SIGN to understand unfamiliar words.
- Explain that today your students will be learning about two root words, tele and sign.
- Define a root word as a linguistic unit, which is the simplest form of a word. Tell your class that root words aren't always words by themselves, but we can add prefixes, suffixes, or even other roots to make words.
- Remind your students that many of the root words we see in the English language come from other languages, primarily Greek and Latin.
- Display two pieces of chart paper and write TELE at the top of one and SIGN at the top of the other.
- Tell your students that TELE is derived from Greek, while SIGN is from Latin. Define TELE as far or far off, and define SIGN as mark or seal.
- Write the meaning of each root on the corresponding chart paper.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(7 minutes)
- Tell your students that as a class, they'll be coming up with a list of some words that use these two roots.
- Write telephone on the chart paper labeled TELE. Explain that the root phon means sound, so a telephone is something that lets you hear sound from afar. Write the meaning of telephone next to the word.
- Repeat with the words telescope (something that helps you see at a distance) and teleport (carried far off).
- Write consign on the chart paper labeled SIGN. Explain that the prefix con- means with or together, so to consign something means to sign something over to another person. Write the meaning of consign next to the word.
- Repeat with the words signature (your name written or marked in your own handwriting) and signal (to communicate silently with signs).
Guided Practice(8 minutes)
- Ask your students to think about words that contain the roots tele and sign.
- Give your students a few minutes to talk with a partner or small group before sharing with the class. Challenge each pair or group to come up with at least three examples.
- Add student-generated words to the list, without their definitions. Some examples include: television, assignment, etc.
- Display the charts through the remainder of the lesson and add to them as desired.
Independent working time(20 minutes)
- Hand out copies of the Root Word Ladder: TELE worksheet and the Root Word Wheel: SIGN worksheet to each student.
- Remind students to use the class-generated lists or a dictionary as a tool to complete each worksheet, if needed.
- Circulate the room as students work and offer support as needed.
- Review the worksheets when students are finished.
- For students who need more scaffolding, allow them to use a dictionary or computer to complete their independent work.
- For an extra challenge, have students create their own made up words by combining the roots tele and sign with other roots, prefixes, and suffixes they know. Encourage them to get creative and remind them to come up with definitions for their made-up words based on the meanings of the word parts.
- Form pairs or small groups of students and assign half of the groups the root TELE and the other groups the root SIGN.
- Instruct students to create a still or moving tableau that shows what the roots mean. Give students about 3 minutes to work with their group.
- Invite groups to share their tableaus (e.g. a group acting out the meaning of the word tele might mime a football being thrown far across the room). This may be challenging for students to create (and their tableaus will vary) but it will provide an opportunity to assess their understanding of the concept and will also serve as a visual teaching tool for the other students who are watching. See the resources for additional information about using tableau as assessment.
- Use observations from guided and independent practice to identify students who will need additional support.
- Collect and check finished worksheets to check for understanding.
- For additional optional practice with root words, use the worksheet Prefixes, Suffixes and Roots Word Ladder.
Review and closing(10 minutes)
- Play root word charades! Choose a few volunteers and assign them words to act out silently. Allow the class to guess what word they're acting out (e.g. signal, signature, teleport, telescope).