There are 5 stages in the reading process: prereading, reading, responding, exploring, and applying. The following list outlines the key features of each stage.
Stage 1: Prereading
- Activate or build background knowledge and related vocabulary.
- Set purposes.
- Introduce key vocabulary words.
- Make predictions.
- Preview the text.
Stage 2: Reading
- Read independently, with a buddy, or using shared or guided reading, or listen to the text read aloud.
- Apply reading strategies and skills.
- Examine illustrations, charts, and diagrams.
- Read the text from beginning to end.
- Read one or more sections of text to learn specific information.
- Take notes.
Stage 3: Responding
- Write in reading logs.
- Participate in grand conversations or other discussions.
Stage 4: Exploring
- Reread all or part of the text.
- Learn new vocabulary words.
- Participate in minilessons on reading strategies and skills.
- Examine the author's craft.
- Identify memorable quotes.
Stage 5: Applying
- Construct projects.
- Read related books.
- Use information in thematic units.
- Evaluate the reading experience.
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