There are 5 stages in the reading process: prereading, reading, responding, exploring, and applying. The following list outlines the key features of each stage.

Stage 1: Prereading

  • Activate or build background knowledge and related vocabulary.
  • Set purposes.
  • Introduce key vocabulary words.
  • Make predictions.
  • Preview the text.

Stage 2: Reading

  • Read independently, with a buddy, or using shared or guided reading, or listen to the text read aloud.
  • Apply reading strategies and skills.
  • Examine illustrations, charts, and diagrams.
  • Read the text from beginning to end.
  • Read one or more sections of text to learn specific information.
  • Take notes.

Stage 3: Responding

  • Write in reading logs.
  • Participate in grand conversations or other discussions.

Stage 4: Exploring

  • Reread all or part of the text.
  • Learn new vocabulary words.
  • Participate in minilessons on reading strategies and skills.
  • Examine the author's craft.
  • Identify memorable quotes.

Stage 5: Applying

  • Construct projects.
  • Read related books.
  • Use information in thematic units.
  • Evaluate the reading experience.