Help your ELs familiarize themselves with prepositional phrases as they search for supporting details in nonfiction texts. This lesson could stand alone or be taught prior to teaching the Detective Reading lesson.
A preposition is the first part of a prepositional phrase that indicates location. Children begin to learn preposition words in school as early as kindergarten, although they have likely used these location indicators even earlier without knowing what they were called. For some examples of prepositions, refer to the bottom of this page or dive in to our educational resources.
Prepositions are a quick way to say where or when something happened or is happening. We have provided some common examples of prepositions below:
In back of
Once you have an understanding of what words are considered prepositions, you can then start to build prepositional phrases. Prepositional phrases are composed of a preposition, a noun or pronoun object of the preposition, and an optional modifier of the object.
Before midnight: “Before” is the preposition, “midnight” is the object of the preposition, and there is no modifier
On the desk: “On” is the preposition, “desk” is the object of the preposition, and “the” is a modifier
To school: “To” is the preposition, “school” is the object of the preposition, and there is no modifier
To learn more about making and recognizing prepositional phrases, try out our resources here.
Prepositions can be confusing, so now that you’ve been introduced to the different ways to describe location both in the physical world and in time, check out the various worksheets, lessons plans, and exercises on our page to get more practice in using prepositions!