Science project

Paper Power

Difficulty Level




Safety Issues


Material Availability

All necessary materials are readily available.

Project Time Frame

6-8 weeks.


This project examines a new technology: Batteries made from paper. 

The goals of this project are: 

  1. To outline the principles and techniques behind paper batteries.
  2. To encourage the development of new uses for these techniques. 

Materials and Equipment  

  • Computer with internet access
  • Color printer
  • Digital camera
  • Typical office/craft/hobby supplies (such as paper, pens & poster-board, glue, etc.) 

All materials can be found in your home, at local stores, or on ebay. 


Out of batteries? That’s OK. Now you can print out fresh ones! Well… maybe not quite yet. For those unfamiliar with this exciting new technology, it’s hard to even imagine a working, rechargeable battery that’s made of ordinary ink and office paper, and functions as well as a conventional battery. In this project we discover the economic and technological potential of this strange new power source.  

Research Questions 
  1. How is a paper battery made?
  2. What are the practical applications of this design?
  3. What could be the economic impact of mass producing this design? 
Terms and Concepts to Start Background Research 
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Cellulose
  • Electrodes
  • Nanotechnology
  • Paper battery 

Experimental Procedure 

  1. Research related materials (see bibliography shown below and terms listed above)
  2. Search and print out images that represent a pictorial history of batteries.
  3. Carefully study modern battery-making techniques found in the bibliography below.
  4. Design your own original paper battery creation, or improve on an existing one.
  5. Sketch your ideas. Show math when necessary. If you’re feeling ambitious, build an actual working paper battery.
  6. Carefully explain your methods in a detailed report.
  7. Include sketches, models and materials in your science fair display.
  8. Show interesting photos taken throughout the course of the project. 


Wiki topics: “Nanotubes” and “Paper battery.” (How-to Video) (Detailed info) (About the paper battery) (UK News story December 2009) (More about power storage on thin sheets of paper)

Internet searches of your own choosing: Search for any of the terms listed above (or make up your own phrases to search), and click on any results that interest you. Also, check youtube for relevant videos. Have fun surfing the net!

Disclaimer and Safety Precautions provides the Science Fair Project Ideas for informational purposes only. does not make any guarantee or representation regarding the Science Fair Project Ideas and is not responsible or liable for any loss or damage, directly or indirectly, caused by your use of such information. By accessing the Science Fair Project Ideas, you waive and renounce any claims against that arise thereof. In addition, your access to's website and Science Fair Project Ideas is covered by's Privacy Policy and site Terms of Use, which include limitations on's liability.

Warning is hereby given that not all Project Ideas are appropriate for all individuals or in all circumstances. Implementation of any Science Project Idea should be undertaken only in appropriate settings and with appropriate parental or other supervision. Reading and following the safety precautions of all materials used in a project is the sole responsibility of each individual. For further information, consult your state's handbook of Science Safety.

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