Click on an item in the set below to see more info.
1. Image-Making Stage: Pregnancy
Expecting parents prepare for the new changes to come. They think about their increased responsibility and changing relationships with each other and their new child.
2. Nurturing Stage: Birth to 18–24 Months
Parents form bonds of attachment with the new baby. They learn to balance the baby's needs with their spouse, work, and friends.
3. Authoritative Stage: Two to Four Years
Toddlers on the go need discipline, guidance, and love from their parents.
4. Interpretive Stage: Preschool to Adolescence
Parents help children understand the consequences of their actions and how to interpret the world around them.
5. Interdependent Stage: Adolescence
Teenagers are given more responsibility and involvement in decisions, yet parents are ultimately in control. Providing the teenager support and independence is a careful balancing act. Parent supports the teenager as she struggles to find her identity.
6. Departure Stage: Adulthood
New relationships form between the adult-child and the parents. When the child leaves home parents find new identities, and they may need to cope with having an empty nest.